Reference Literature

UTEX has assembled a list of selected publications dedicated to the research of algae.

There are many thousands of articles related to research on algae. This reference library should provide a foundation of literature and topics. Related information can be found on the Other Collections & Resources page.

Academic Resources

Zeikus, J.A. & Starr, R.C. 1980. The genetics and physiology of noninducibility in Volvox carteri f. nagariensisIyengar. Arch. Protistenk. 123:127-61. Zhao, J. & Brand, J.J. 1988. Sequential effects of sodium depletion on Photosystem II in Synechocystis. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 264:657-64. Zhender, P. & Gorham, P.R. 1960. Factors influencing the growth of Microcystis aeruginosa Kütz Emend. Elenkin.Can. J. Microbiol. 6:645-60. Ziegler, J.R. & Kingsbury, J.M. 1964. Cultural studies on the marine green alga Halicystis parvula-Derbesia tenuissima. I. Normal and abnormal sexual and asexual reproduction. Phycologia 4:105-16. Zimba, P.V., Rowan, M. & Triemer, R. in press. Identification of euglenoid algae that produce ichthyotoxin(s). J. of Fish Diseases 27:1-3. Xie, W.-Q. & Potts, M. 1989. Quick screening of plasmid deletion clones carrying inserts of desired sizes for DNA sequencing. Gene Anal. Techn. 6:17-20. Yamamoto, M., Nozaki, H. & Kawano, S. 2001. Evolutionary relationships among multiple modes of cell division in the genus Nannochloris (Chlorophyta) revealed by genome size, actin gene multiplicity, and phylogeny. J. Phycol. 37:106-20. Yarish, C., Breeman, A.M. & Hoek, C. van den (1986). Survival strategies and temperature responses of seaweeds belonging to different biogeographic distribution groups. Bot. Mar. 29: 215-230. Yoch, D. & Gotto, J. 1982. Effect of light intensity and inhibitors of nitrogen assimilation on NH4+ inhibition of nitrogenase activity in Rhodospirillum rubrum and Anabaena sp. J. Bacteriol. 151:800-6. Yongmanitchai, W. & Ward, O.P. 1991. Screening of algae for potential alternative sources of eicosapentaenoic acid. Phytochemistry 30:2963-7. Yu, J., Li, L., & Brand, J. submitted 2006. Indentification and Physiological Characteristics of a Green Alga Isolated from Infected Human Skin. Journal of Medical Microbiology. Waaland, S.D. 1980. Development in red algae: elongation and cell fusion. In Gantt, E. Ed.] Handbook of Phycological Methods: Development and Cytological Methods. Cambridge University Press, pp. 85-93. Walstrom, J.S. 1983. The ultrastructure of Peridiniopsis polonicum (Dinophyceae), I. An SEM study of the vegetative cell. J. Phycol. 19 (abstr. suppl.):13. Wang, J.C., Hoshaw, R.W. & McCourt, R.M. 1986. A polyploid species complex of Spirogyra communis (Chlorophyta) occuring in nature. J. Phycol. 22:102-7. Waris, H. 1953. The significance for algae of chelating substances in the nutrient solutions. Physiol. Plant. 6:538-43. Watanabe, F., Ito, T., Tabuchi, T., Nakano, Y. & Kitaoka, S. 1988a. Isolation of pellicular cobalamin-binding proteins of the cobalamin uptake system of Euglena gracilis. J. Gen. Microbiol. 134:67-77. Watanabe, F., Nakano, Y., Ochi, H. & Kitaoka, S. 1988b. Purification, some properties and possible physiological role of an extracellular cobalamin-binding protein from Euglena gracilis. J. Gen. Microbiol. 134:1385-9. Watanabe, M.M., Kasai, F. & Sudo, R. [Eds.] 1988. NIES-Collection List of Strains, Second Edition, Microalgae and Protozoa. National Institute for Environmental Studies, Ibaraki, Japan, 148 pp. Watanabe, S. & Floyd, G.L. 1989a. Ultrastructure of the quadriflagellate zoospores of the filamentous green algae Chaetophora incrassata and Pseudoschizomeris caudata (Chaetophorales, Chlorophyceae) with emphasis on the flagellar apparatus. Bot. Mag. Tokyo 102:533-46. Watanabe, S. & Floyd, G.L. 1989b. Ultrastructure of the zoospores of the coenocytic algae Ascochloris and Urnella (Chlorophyceae) with emphasis on the flagellar apparatus. Br. phycol. J. 24:143-52. Watanabe, S. & Floyd, G.L. 1989c. Comparative ultrastructure of the zoospores of nine species of Neochloris (Chlorophyta). Pl. Syst. Evol. 168:195-219. Watanabe, S. & Floyd, G.L. 1989d. Variation in the ultrastructure of the biflagellate motile cells of six unicellular genera of the Chlamydomonadales and Chlorococcales (Chlorophyceae), with emphasis on the flagellar apparatus. Am. J. Bot. 76:307-17. Watanabe, S., Floyd, G.L. & Wilcox, L.W. 1988. Ultrastructure of the zoospores and vegetative cells of Tetraedron and Chlorotetraedron (Chlorophyceae). J. Phycol. 24:490-5. Watanabe, S., Tsuchimota, K. & Floyd, G.L. 1989. Light and electron microscopy of Brachiomonas submarina Bohlin (Chlamydomonadales, Chlorophyceae). Phycologia 28:188-96. Wee, J.L., Millie, D.F. & Walton, S.P. 1991. Statistical characterization of growth among clones of Synura petersenii (Synurophyceae). J. Phycol. 27:570-5. Wehrmeyer, W., Zimmerman, C., Ohki, K. & Fujita, Y. 1988. On a new type of cyanobacterial phycobilisome exemplified in Phormidium persicinum Gomont. Eur. J. Cell Biol. 46:539-46. Weise, L. & Weise, W. 1977. On speciation by evolution of gametic incompatibility: a model case in Chlamydomonas. Am. Nat. 11:733-42. West, J.A. 1968. Morphology and reproduction of the red alga Acrochaetium pectinatum in culture. J. Phycol. 4:89-99. West, J.A. 1969a. Observations on four rare marine micro-algae from Hawaii. Phycologia 8:187-92. West, J.A. 1969b. The life histories of Rhodochorton purpureum and R. tenue in culture. J. Phycol. 5:12-20. West, J.A. 1972. Environmental control of hair and sporangial formation in the marine red alga Acrochaetium proskaueri sp. nov. Proc. Int. Seaweed Symp. 7:377-84. West, J.A. & Calumpong, H.P. 1988. Mixed-phase reproduction of Bostrychia (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) in culture. I. B. tenella (Lamouroux) J. Agardh. Jpn. J. Phycol. 36:292. West, J.A. & Calumpong, H.P. 1989. On the reproductive biology of Spyridia filamentosa (Wulfen) Harvey (Rhodophyta) in culture. Bot. Mar. 32:379-87. West, J.A., Zuccarello, G.C., Scott, J. and Pickett-Heaps, J. 2004. Purpureofilum apyrenoidigerum gen et sp. nov (Stylonematales, Bangiophycidae, Rhodophyta) from Australia. J. Phycol. Wilhelm, C., Eisenbeis, G., Wild, A. & Zahn, R. 1982. Nanochlorum eucaryotum: a very reduced coccoid species of marine Chlorophyceae. Z. Naturforsch. 37:107- 14. Wilhelm, C. & Wild, A. 1982. Growth and photosynthesis of Nanochlorum eucaryotum, a new and extremely small eucaryotic green alga. Z. Naturforsch. 37:115-9. Williams, J.G.K. & Szalay, A.A. 1983. Stable integration of foreign DNA into the chromosome of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus R2. Gene 24:37-45. Wilmotte, A. 1988. Growth and morphological variability of six strains of Phormidum cf. ectocarpi Gomont (Cyanophyceae) cultivated under differnt temperature and light intensities. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 80:35-46. Winokur, M. 1948. Growth relationships of Chlorella species. Am. J. Bot. 35:118-29. Winter, P.A. & Biebel, P. 1967. Conjugation in a heterothallic Staurastrum. Proc. Pa. Acad. Sci. 40:76-9. Witt, D. & Stackebrandt, E. 1988. Disproving the hypothesis of a common ancestry for the Ochromonas danica chrysoplast and Heliobacterium chlorum. Arch. Microbiol. 150:244-8. Wołoszyńska, J. 1912. Das Phytoplankton einiger javanischer Seen mit Berücksichtigung des Sawa-Planktons. Bull Int. Acad. Sci. Cracovie Ser. B 6:649-709. Wright, D., Prickett, T., Helm, R.F., & Potts, M. 2001. Form species Nostoc commune (Cyanobacteria). International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 51:1839-1852. Wyatt, J.T. & Silvey, J.K.G. 1969. Nitrogen fixation by Gloeocapsa. Science 165:908-9. Wyngaard, G.A. & Chinnappa, C.C. 1982. General biology and cytology of cyclopoids. In Developmental Biology of Freshwater Invertebrates. Alan R. Liss, Inc., New York. Wynne, M.J. & Edwards, P. 1970. Polysiphonia boldii sp. nov. from Texas. Phycologia 9:11-6. Wynne, M.J. & Taylor, W.R. 1973. The status of Agardhiella tenera and Agardhiella baileyi (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales). Hydrobiologia 43:93-107. Uhlik, D.J. & Bold, H.C. 1970. Two new species of Chlamydomonas. J. Phycol. 6:106-10. Valderrama, L.T., Del Campo, C.M., Rodriguez, C.M., de-Bashan, L.E. & Bashan, Y. 2002. Treatment of recalcitrant wastewater from ethanol and citric acid production using the microalga Chlorella vulgaris and the macrophyte Lemna minuscula. Water Res. 36:4185-92. Van Baalen, C. 1962. Studies on marine blue-green algae. Bot. Marina 4:129-39. Vande Berg, W.J. & Starr, R.C. 1971. Structure, reproduction and differentiation in Volvox gigas and Volvox powersii. Arch. Protistenk. 113:195-219. Van de Poll, W., Eggert, A., Buma, G.J. & Breeman, A.M. (2002). Temperature dependence of UV radiation effects in Arctic and temperate isolates of three red macrophytes. Eur. J. Phycol. 37:59-68. (as Coccotylus truncatus) Van de Poll, W.H., Eggert, A. Buma, A.G.J. & Breeman, A.M. (2001). Effects of UV-B-induced DNA damage and photoinhibition on growth of temperate marine red macrophytes: Habitat-related differences in UV-B tolerance. J.Phycol. 37:30-37. Van den Hoek, C. 1963. Revision of the European species of Cladophora. E.J. Brill, Leiden, 248 pp., 55 pl. Vandover, B. 1972. Studies of the Ultrastructure and Reproduction of Several Species of Chlamydomonas and Carteria. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin, 198 pp. Van-Moppes, D., Barak, Z., Chipman, D.M., Gollop, N. & Arad, S. 1989. An herbicide (sulfometuron methyl) resistant mutant in Porphyridium (Rhodophyta). J. Phycol. 25:108-12. Vannini, G.L., Poli, F., Pancaldi, S. & Fasulo, M.P. 1988. Ultrastructural effects of tetracaine on Euglena gracilis. Cytobios 54:31-7. Van Winkle-Swift, K.P., Aliaga, G.R. & Pommerville, J.C. 1987. Haploid spore formation following arrested cell fusion in Chlamydomonas (Chlorophyta). J. Phycol. 23:414-27. Vazquez-Duhalt, R. 1991. Effect de la lumier sur l'accumulation de lipides neutres et la composition de la biomasse chez l'algue Botryococcus sudeticus (Chlorophyceae). Cryptogamie, Algol. 12:109-19. Vazquez-Duhalt, R. & Greppin, H. 1987a. Growth and production of cell constitutents in batch cultures of Botryococcus sudeticus. Phytochemistry 26:885-9. Vazquez-Duhalt, R. & Greppin, H. 1987b. Botryococcus sudeticus Lemm., une algue productrice d'huile alimentaire. Saussurea 18:55-63. Venkataraman 1958. Proc. Nat. Inst. Sci. India 24: 231. Vischer, W. 1932. Experimentelle Untersuchungen (Gallertbildung) mit Mischococcus sphaerocephalus Vischer. Arch. Protistenk. 76:257-73. Vischer, W. 1933. Ãœber einige kritisch Gattungen und die Systematik der Chaetophorales. Beih. Bot Centralbl. 51:1-100. Vischer, W. 1935. Zur Morphologie, Physiologie und Systematik der Blutalge, Porphyridium cruentum Naegeli. Verh. Naturforsch. Ges. Basel 46:66-103. Vischer, W. 1936. Ãœber Heterokonten und Heterokonten-ähnliche Grünalgen (Bumilleriopsis, Heterothrix, Heterococcus, Dictyococcus, Muriella). Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 45:372-410. Vischer, W. 1937. Ãœber einige Heterokonten (Heterococcus, Chlorellidium) und ihren Polymorphismus. Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 47:225-50. Vischer, W. 1938. Zur Kenntnis der Gattung Botrydium. Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 48:538-61. Vischer, W. 1941. Ãœber eine durch Raphidonema spiculiforme nov. spec. verursachte Wasserblute und ihre experimentelle Untersuchung. Zeitschrift für Hydrologie der Hydrobiologischen Kommission der Schweizeren Naturforschung Gesellschaft 9:108-27. Vischer, W. 1945. Heterokonten aus Alpinen Boden, speziell dem Schweizerischen Nationalpark. Ergebnisse der wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung des schweizerischen Nationalparkes 1n.f.(12):481-512. Takeda, H. 1988a. Classification of Chlorella strains by means of sugar components of the cell wall. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 16:367-71. Takeda, H. 1988b. Classification of Chlorella strains by cell wall sugar composition. Phytochemistry 27:3823-6. Tanada, T. 1951. The photosynthetic efficiency of carotenoid pigments in Navicula minima. Am. J. Bot. 38:276-83. Taylor, D.L. 1971. Taxonomy of Amphidinium spp. Br. phycol. J. 6:129-33. Thinh, L.-V. 1983. Effect of irradiance on the physiology and ultrastructure of the marine cryptomonad, Cryptomonas strain Lis (Cryptophyceae). Phycologia 22:7-11. Thompson, A.S., Rhodes, J.C. & Pettman, I. Eds.]. 1988. Culture Collection of Algae and Protozoa Catalogue of Strains 1988. 5th Edition, 164 pp. with supplements. Thompson, M.D., Copertino, D.W., Thompson, E., Favreau, M.T. & Hallick, R.B. 1995. Evidence for the late origin of introns in chloroplast genes from an evolutionary analysis of the genus Euglena. Nucleic Acids Res. 23:4745-52. Thurston, E.L. & Ingram, L.O. 1971. Morphology and fine structure of Fischerella ambigua. J. Phycol. 7:207-10. Tischer, R.G. & Moore, B.G. 1964. Extracellular polysaccharides of algae: effects on life-support systems. Science 145:586-7. Tiwari, G.L. & Mitra, A.K. 1968. Symphyonemopsis katniensis gen. et sp. nov., a new member of the Myxophyceae. Phykos 7:186-94. Tomas, R.N. & Cox, E.R. 1973. Observation on the symbiosis of Peridinium balticum and its intracellular alga. I. Ultrastructure. J. Phycol. 9:304-23. Trainor, F.R. 1963. The occurrence of a Dactylococcus-like stage in an axenic culture of Scenedesmus. Can. J. Bot. 41:967-8. Trainor, F.R. 1971. Unicells in soil extract in Scenedesmus strain 170. Br. phycol. J. 6:171-4. Trainor, F.R. 1979. Scenedesmus AP-1 (Chlorophyceae): polymorphic in the laboratory but not in the field. Phycologia 18:273-7. Trainor, F.R. & Bold, H.C. 1953. Three new unicellular Chlorophyceae from soil. Am. J. Bot. 40:758-67. Trainor, F.R. & Burg, C.A. 1965. Motility in Scenedesmus dimorphus, Scenedesmus obliquus, and Coelastrum microporum. J. Phycol. 1:15-8. Trainor, F.R. & Egan, P.F. 1988. The role of bristles in the distribution of a Scenedesmus (Chlorophyceae). Br. phycol. J. 23:135-41. Trainor, F.R. & Egan, P.F. 1990. Lagerheimia hindakii is the unicellular stage of a Scenedesmus. J. Phycol. 26:535-9. Trainor, F.R. & Hilton, R.L., Jr. 1963. Culture of Scenedesmus longus. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 90:407-12. Trainor, F.R. & Hilton, R.L., Jr. 1966. Chlorosarcinopsis variabilis sp. nov. from a Connecticut cornfield soil. J. Phycol. 2:156-9. Trainor, F.R. & Rowland, H. 1968. Control of colony and unicell formation in a synchronized Scenedesmus. J. Phycol. 4:310-7. Trainor, F.R. & Verses, P.A. 1967. A new Chlorococcum from a Connecticut cornfield soil. Phycologia 6:237-9. Trelease, S.F. & Trelease, H. 1935. Changes in hydrogen-ion concentration of culture solutions containing nitrate and ammonium nitrogen. Am. J. Bot. 22:520-42. Trench, R.K. & Blank, R.J. 1987. Symbiodinium microadriaticum Freudenthal, S. goreauii sp. nov., S. kawagutii sp. nov. and S. pilosum sp. nov.: gymnodinioid dinoflagellates symbionts of marine invertebrates. J. Phycol. 23:469-81. Tschermak-Woess, E. 1988. New and known taxa of Chlorella (Chlorophyceae): occurrence as lichen phycobionts and observations on living dictyosomes. Pl. Syst. Evol. 159:123-39. Tsubo, Y. 1961. Chemotaxis and sexual behavior in Chlamydomonas. J. Protozool. 8:114-21. Tupa, D.D. 1974. An investigation of certain chaetophoralean algae. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte. 46:1-155. Turmel, M., Gutell, R., Mercier, J., Otis, C. & Lemieux, C. (1993). Analysis of the Chloroplast Large Subunit Ribosomal RNA gene from 17 Chlamydomonas taxa. Three internal transcribed spacers and 12 group I intron insertion sites. Journal of Molecular Biology, 232:446-467. Turner, M.F. 1970. A note on the nutrition of Rhodella. Br. phycol. J. 5:15-8. Turpin, D.H. 1986. Growth rate dependent optimum ratios in Selenastrum minutum (Chlorophyta): implications for competition, coexistence and stability in phytoplankton communities. J. Phycol. 22:94-102. Sabba-Raju, N. 1963. Aulosira terrestre sp. nov., occurring in the soils of Hyderabad (India). Phykos 3:33-4. Safferman, R.S. & Morris, M. 1963. Algal virus: isolation. Science 140:679-80. Saito, T., Tsubo, Y. & Matsuda, Y. 1988. A new assay system to classify non-mating mutants and to distinugish between vegetative cell and gametes in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Curr. Genet. 14:59-63. Sakakibara, H. & Kamiya, R. 1989. Functional recombination of outer dynein arms with outer arm-missing flagella axonemes of a Chlamydomonas reinhardtii mutant. J. Cell Sci. 92:77-83. Sanchez-Puerta, M.V., Leonardi, P.I., O'Kelly, C.J. & Caceres,E.J. 2006. Pseudulvella americana belongs to the order Chaetopeltidales (Chlorophyceae), evidence from ultrastructure and SSU rDNA sequence data. J. Phycol. 42:943-950. Sandgren, C.D. 1981. Characteristics of sexual and asexual resting cyst (statospore) formation in Dinobryon cylindricum Imhof (Chrysophyta) J. Phycol. 17:199-210. Sandgren, C.D. & Flanagin, J. 1986. Heterothallic sexuality and density dependent encystment in the chrysophycean alga Synura petersenii Korsh. J. Phycol. 22:206-16. Sargent, D.F. & Taylor, C.P.S. 1972. Light-induced inhibition of respiration in DCMU-poisoned Chlorella caused by photosystem I activity. Can. J. Bot. 50:13-21. Schanz, F., Allen, E.D. & Gorham, P.R. 1979. Bioassay of the seasonal ability of water from a eutrophic Alberta lake to promote selective growth of Anabaena flos-aquae and other blue-green algae. Can. J. Bot. 57:2443-51. Schagerl, M., D.G. Angeler and A.W. Coleman. 1999. Infraspecific phylogeny of Pandorina morum (Volvocales, Chlorophyta) inferred from molecular, biochemical and traditional data. European Journal of Phycology 34: 87-93. Scherer, S., Alpes, I., Sadowski, H. & Böger, P. 1988. Ferredoxin-NADP+ oxidoreductase is the respiratory NADPH dehydrogenase of the cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 267:228-35. Schlösser, U.G. 1982. Sammlung von Algenkulturen. Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 95:181-276. Schlösser, U.G. 1984. Sammlung von Algenkulturen Göttingen: Additions to the Collection since 1982. Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 99:465-75. Schlösser, U.G. 1986. Sammlung von Algenkulturen Göttingen: Additions to the Collection since 1984. Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 99:161-8. Schoevaert, D., Krishnaswamy, S., Couturier, M. & Marano, F. 1988. Ciliary beat and cell motility of Dunaliella: computer analysis of high speed microcinematography. Biology Cell 62:229-40. Schulze, D., Robenek, H., McFadden, G.I. & Melkonian, M. 1987. Immunolocalization of a Ca2+-modulated contractile protein in the flagellar apparatus of green algae: the nucleus-basal body connector. Eur. J. Cell Biol. 45:51-61. Schwabe, W., Weihe, A., Börner, T., Henning, M. & Kohl, J.-G. 1988. Plasmids in toxic and nontoxic strains of the cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. Curr. Microbiol. 17:133-7. Scott, J.L., Broadwater, S.T., Saunders, B.D., Thomas, J.P. & Gabrielson, P.W. 1992. Ultrastructure of vegative organization and cell division in the unicellular red alga Dixoniella grisea gen. nov. (Rhodophyta) and a consideration of the genus Rhodella. J. Phycol. 28:649-60. Seckbach, J. 1991. Systematic problems with Cyanidium caldarium and Galdieria sulphuraria and their implications for molecular biology studies. J. Phycol. 27:794-6. Seenayya, G. & N. Subba Raju. 1972. On the ecology and systematic position of the alga known as Anabaenopsis raciborskii (Wołosz.) Elenk. and a critical evaluation of the forms described under the genus Anabaenopsis. Taxonomy and biology of blue-green algae. University of Madras, Madras, India. 52-57. Senousy H.H., Beakes G.W., & Hack E. 2004. Phylogenetic Placement of Botryococcus braunii(Trebouxiophyceae)and Botryococcus sudeticus isolate UTEX 2629 (Chlorophyceae) J. Phycol. 40, 412-423. SERI. 1984. Microalgae Culture Collection 1984-1985. Solar Energy Research Institute, Golden, Colorado, Publication SERI/SP-231-2486, 59 pp. Sessoms, A. H. & R. J. Huskey (1973) Genetic control of development in Volvox: isolation and characterization of morphological mutants. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 70:1335-1338. Seto, A., Wang, H.L. & Hesseltine, C.W. 1984. Culture conditions affect eicosapentaenoic acid content of Chlorella minutissima. JAOCS 61:892-8. Shihira, I. & Krauss, R.W. 1965. Chlorella: Physiology and Taxonomy of Forty-one Isolates. University of Maryland, College Park, 97 pp. Silk, G.W. & Wu, M. 1988. Darkness and antibotics increase the steady-state transcripts of the elongation factor gene (tuf) in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Curr. Genet. 14:119-26. Silva, P.C., Mattox, K.R. & Blackwell, W.H., Jr. 1972. The generic name Hormidium as applied to green algae.TAXON 21:639-45. Singh, K.P. 1956. Studies in the genus Trachelomonas. I. Description of six organisms in cultivation. Am. J. Bot.43:258-66. Sivak, M.N., Lara, C., Romero, J.M., Rodriguez, R. & Guerroer, M.G. 1989. Relationship between a 47-kDa cytoplasmic membrane polypeptide and nitrate transport in Anacystis nidulans. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.158:257-62. Skulberg, O.M. 1990. Catalogue of Strains, Edition 1990. Culture collection of algae Norwegian Institute for Water Research. 39 pp. Smoker, J.A. & Barnum, S.R. 1988. Rapid small-scale CNA isolation from filamentous cyanobacteria. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 56:119-22. Snell, T.W. & Boyer, E.M. 1988. Thresholds for mictic female production in the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis (Muller).J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 124:73-85. Soloman, J.A., Walne, P.L., Dawson, N.S. & Willey, R.L. 1991. Structural characterization of Eutreptia(Euglenophyta). II. The flagellar root system and putative vestigial cytopharynx. Phycologia 30:402-14. Sorokin, C. & Myers, J. 1953. A high-temperature strain of Chlorella. Science 117:330-1. Spencer, K.G., Yu, M.H., West, J.A. & Glazer, A.N. 1981. Phycoerythrin and interfertility patterns in Callithamnion(Rhodophyta) isolates. Br. Phycol. J. 16:331-43. Stanier, R.Y., Kunisawa, R. Mandel, M. & Cohen-Bazire, G. 1971. Purification and properties of unicellular blue-green algae (order Chroococcales). Bacteriological Reviews 35:171-205. Starr, R.C. 1949. A method of effecting zygospore germination in certain Chlorophyceae. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA35:453-6. Starr, R.C. 1953a. On the morphology and reproduction of Characium saccatum Filarsky. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club80:308-13. Starr, R.C. 1953b. Further studies in the genus Chlorococcum Meneghini. Lloydia 16:142-8. Starr, R.C. 1954a. Reproduction by zoospores in Tetraedron bitridens. Am. J. Bot. 41:17-20. Starr, R.C. 1954b. Inheritance of mating type and a lethal factor in Cosmarium botrytis var. subtumidum Wittr. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 40:1060-3. Starr, R.C. 1954c. Reproduction by zoospores in Planktosphaeria gelatinosa G.M. Smith. Hydrobiologia 6:392-7. Starr, R.C. 1955a. Zygospore germination in Cosmarium botrytis var. subtumidum. Am. J. Bot. 42:577-81. Starr, R.C. 1955b. Isolation of sexual strains of placoderm desmids. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 82:261-5. Starr, R.C. 1955c. A comparative study of Chlorococcum Meneghini and other spherical, zoospore-producing genera of the Chlorococcales. Indiana University Science Series No. 20, 111 pp. Starr, R.C. 1955d. Sexuality in Gonium sociale (Dujardin) Warming. J. Tenn. Acad. Sci. 30:90- 3. Starr, R.C. 1958a. The production and inheritance of the triradiate form in Cosmarium turpinii. Am. J. Bot. 45:243-8. Starr, R.C. 1958b. Asexual spores in Closterium didymotocum Ralfs. New Phytol. 57:187-90. Starr, R.C. 1958c. The production and inheritance of the triradiate form in Cosmarium turpinii. Am. J. Bot. 45:243-8. Starr, R.C. 1959. Sexual reproduction in certain species of Cosmarium. Arch. Protistenk. 104:155- 64. Starr, R.C. 1962. A new species of Volvulina Playfair. Arch. Mikrobiol. 42:130-7. Starr, R.C. 1963. Homothallism in Golenkinia minutissima. In Studies on Microalgae and Photosynthetic Bacteria. University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, pp. 3-6. Starr, R.C. 1968. Cellular differentiation in Volvox. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 59:1082-8. Starr, R.C. 1969. Structure, reproduction, and differentiation in Volvox carteri f. nagariensis Iyengar, strains HK 9 and 10. Arch. Protistenk. 111:204-22. Starr, R.C. 1970. Volvox pocockiae, a new species with dwarf males. J. Phycol. 6:234-9. Starr, R.C. 1971a. Sexual reproduction in Volvox africanus. In Parker, B.C. & Brown, R.M. [Eds.] Contributions to Phycology. Allen Press, Lawrence, Kansas, pp. 59-66. Starr, R.C. 1971b. Control of differentiation in Volvox. Symp. Soc. Study Dev. Growth 29:59-100. Starr, R.C. 1972a. Sexual reproduction in Volvox dissipatrix (abstr.). Br. phycol. J. 7:284. Starr, R.C. 1972b. A working model for the control of differentiation in Volvox carteri f. nagariensis Iyengar. Mem. Soc. Bot. Fr. 1972:175-82. Starr, R.C. 1973. Apparatus and maintenance. In Stein, J. [Ed.] Handbook of Phycological Methods: Culture Methods and Growth Measurements. Cambridge University Press, pp. 171-9. Starr, R.C. 1978. The Culture Collection of Algae at The University of Texas at Austin. J. Phycol. 14 (suppl.):47-100. Starr, R.C. & Jaenicke, L. 1974. Purification and characterization of the hormone initiating sexual morphogenesis inVolvox carteri f. nagariensis Iyengar. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 71:1050-4. Starr, R.C. & Rayburn, W.R. 1964. Sexual reproduction in Mesotaenium kramstai. Phycologia 4:23-6. Starr, R.C. & Zeikus, J.A. 1987. UTEX--The Culture Collection of Algae at The University of Texas at Austin. J. Phycol. 23 (suppl.):1-47. Starr, R.C. & Zeikus, J.A. 1993. UTEX--The Culture Collection of Algae at The University of Texas at Austin. J. Phycol. 29 (suppl.):1-106. Stein, J.R. 1958. A morphologic and genetic study of Gonium pectorale. Am. J. Bot. 45:664-72. Stein, J.R. 1959. The four-celled species of Gonium. Am. J. Bot. 46:366-71. Stevens, S.E., Jr. & Van Baalen, C. 1973. Characteristics of nitrate reduction in a mutant of the blue-green algaeAgmenellum quadruplicatum. Pl. Physiol. 51:350-6. Stewart, K.D., Mattox, K.R. & Floyd, G.L. 1973. Mitosis, cytokinesis, the distribution of plasmodesmata, and cytological characteristics in the Ulotrichales, Ulvales, and Chaetophorales: phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations. J. Phycol. 9:128-41. Stewart, J.K., Stewart, J.R. & Bold, H.C. 1978. Morphology and life history of Characiosiphon rivularis Iyengar (Chlorophyta-Characiosiphonaceae)--light and electron-microscopic study. Arch. Protistenk. 120:312-40. Stone, B.B., Boussiba, S. & Gibson, J. 1988. Penicillin-binding protein in the unicellular cyanobacteriumSynechococcus sp. R2 (PCC 7942): implication for membrane identification. J. Gen. Microbiol. 134:2951-8. Streiner, H.M. 1990. The Australian Collection of Marine Microorganisms. Catalogue of Strains. 4th Edition, 130 pp. Suttle, C.A. & Chan, A.M. 1993. Marine cyanophyages infecting oceanic and coastal strains of Synechococcus: abundance, cross-infectivity and growth characteristics. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 92:99-109. Suttle, C.A., Chan, A.M & Cottrell, M.T. 1990. Infection of phytoplankton by viruses and reduction of primary productivity. Nature 347:467-9. Suttle, C.A., Chan, A.M & Cottrell, M.T. 1991. Use of ultrafiltration to isolate viruses from seawater which are pathogens of marine phytoplankton. Appl. Environ. Bicrobiol. 57:721-6. Suttle, C.A. & Harrison, ?. 1988. Ammonium and phosphate uptake rates, N:P supply ratios and evidence for nitrogen and phosporus limitation in some oligotrophic lakes. Limnol. Oceanogr. 33:186-202. Suzuki, K., Iwamoto, K., Yokoyama, S. & Ikawa, T. 1991. Glycolate-oxidizing enzymes in algae. J. Phycol. 27:492-8. Svihovec-Christenson, E. 1983. Effect of copper on growth and nitrogen metabolism of Closterium moniliferum(Chlorophyceae). J. Phycol. 19 (abstr. suppl.):4. Swale, E. 1967. A clone of Scenedesmus with Chodatella-stages. Br. Phycol. Bull. 3:281-93. Swanson, J. & Floyd, G.L. 1979. Acid phosphatase in Asteromonas gracilis (Chlorophyceae, Volvocales): a biochemical and cytochemical characterization. Phycologia 18:362-8. Syrett, P.J. & Peplinska, A.M. 1988. The effect of nickel and nitrogen deprivation on the metabolism of urea by the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Br. phycol. J. 23:387-90. Ramus, J., Kenney, B.E. & Shaughnessy, E.J. 1989. Drag reducing properties of microalgal exopolymers.Biotechnol. Bioeng. 33:550-6. Rayburn, W.C. & Starr, R.C. 1974. Morphology and nutrition of Pandorina unicocca sp. nov. J. Phycol. 10:42-9. Reimann, B.E.F. & Lewin, J.C. 1964. The diatom genus Cylindrotheca Rabenhorst (with a reconsideration of Nitzschia closterium). J. Roy. Microsc. Soc. 83:283-96. Reymond, O.L. & Hegewald, E. 1987. Les caracteristiques ultrastructurales de la cellule vegetative et du kyste chezParadoxia multiseta (Chlorophyceae, Chlorococcales). Arch. Sc. Genève 40:65-76. Richardson, F.L. & Brown, T.E. 1970. Glaucosphaera vacuolata, its ultrastructure and physiology. J. Phycol. 6:165-71. Rippka, R., Deruelles, J., Waterbury, J., Herdman, M. & Stanier, R.Y. 1979. Generic assignments, strain histories and properties of pure cultures of cyanobacteria. J. Gen. Micribiol. 111:1-61. Rippka, R., Neilson, A., Kunisaua, R. & Cohen-Bazire, G. 1971. Nitrogen fixation by unicellular blue-green algae.Arch. Mikrobiol. 76:341-8. Ritchie, R.J. & Larkum, A.W.D. 1982. Cation exchange properties of the cell walls of Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link. (Ulvales, Chlorophyta). J. Exp. Bot. 33:125-39. Rizzo, P.J. & Burghardt, R.C. 1982. Histone-like protein and chromatin structure in the wall-less dinoflagellateGymnodinium nelsoni. BioSystems 15:27-34. Rizzo, P.J. & Nooden, L.D. 1973. Isolation and chemical composition of dinoflagellate nuclei. J. Protozool. 20:666-72. Roberts, K.R., Farmer, M.A., Schneider, R.M. & Lemoine, J.E. 1988. The microtubular cytoskeleton of Amphidinium rhynchocephallum (Dinophyceae). J. Phycol. 24:544-53. Rogers, R.J., Connole, M.D., Norton, J., Thomas, A., Ladds, P.W. & Dickson, J. 1980. Lymphadenitis of cattle due to infection with green algae. J. Com. Path. 90:1-9. Roizes, G., Nardeux, P. & Monier, R. 1979. A new specific endonuclease from Anabaena variabilis. FEBS Letters104:39-44. Roncel, M., Navarro, J.A. & De La Rosa, M.A. 1989. Coupling of solar energy to hydrogen peroxide production in the cyanobacterium Anacystis nidulans. Appl. Envir. Microbiol. 55:483-7. Ronström, E. & Bergman, B. 1989. Glycolate metabolism in cyanobacteria. I. Glycolate excretion and phosphoglycolate phosphatase activity. Physiol. Plant. 75:137-43. Rosowski, J.R. & Hoshaw, R.W. 1988. Advanced anisogamy in Chlamydomonas monadina (Chlorophyceae) with special reference to vacuolar activity during sexuality. Phycologia 27:494-504. Rosowski, J.R. & Parker, B.C. [Eds.] 1971. Selected Papers in Phycology. Department of Botany, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, 876 pp. Paasche, E. & Throndsen, J. 1970. Rhodella maculata Evans (Rhodophyceae, Porphyridiales) isolated from the plankton of the Oslo Fjord. Nytt. mag. Bot. 17:209-12. Pakker, H., Breeman, A.M., Prud’-homme van Reine, W.F. & Hoek, C. van den (1995). A comparative study of temperature responses of Caribbean seaweeds from different biogeographic groups. J. Phycol. 31:499-507. Pakker, H., Breeman, A.M., Prud’homme van Reine, W.F. & Hoek, C. van den (1996). Temperature responses of tropical to warm temperate seaweeds. I. Absence of ecotypic differentiation in amphi-Atlantic tropical-Canary Islands species. Eur. J. Phycol., 31: 123-132. Palmer, E.G. & Starr, R.C. 1971. Nutrition of Pandorina morum. J. Phycol. 7:85-9. Palmer, E.G. & Togasaki, R.K. 1971. Acetate metabolism by an obligate phototrophic strain of Pandorina morum. J. Protozool. 18:640-4. Pankratz, H.S. & Bowen, C.C. 1963. Cytology of blue-green algae. I. The cells of Symploca muscorum. Am. J. Bot.50:387-99. Panoff, J.M., Priem, B., Morvan, H. & Joset, F. 1988. Sulphated exopolysaccharides produced by two unicellular strains of cyanobacteria, Synechocystis PCC 6803 and 6714. Arch. Microbiol. 150:558-63. Parke, M. 1949. Studies on marine flagellates. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 28:255-86. Parke, M. & Dixon, P.S. 1964. A revised check-list of british marine algae. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 44:499-542. Parke, M. & Dixon, P.S. 1976. Check-list of marine algae - third revision. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 56:527-94. Parke, M. & Manton, I. 1968. Preliminary observations on the fine structure of Prasinocladus marinus. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 45:525-36. Parke, M., Manton, I. & Clarke, B. 1955. Studies on marine flagellates. II. Three new species of Chrysochromulina. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 34:579-609. Parke, M., Manton, I. & Clarke, B. 1958. Studies on marine flagellates. IV. Morphology and microanatomy of a new species of Chrysochromulina. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 37:209-28. Parke, M., Manton, I. & Clarke, B. 1959. Studies on marine flagellates. V. Morphology and microanatomy ofChrysochromulina strobilus sp. nov. J. mar. biol. Ass. UK. 38:169-88. Parker, D.L. 1982. Improved procedures for the cloning and purification of Microcystis cultures (Cyanophyta). J. Phycol. 18:471-7. Parker, D.L., Schram, B.R., Plude, J.L. & Moore, R.E. 1996. Effect of metal cations on the viscosity of a pectin-like capsular polysaccharide from the cyanobacterium Microcystis flos-aquae C3-40. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:1208-13. Pascher, A. 1939. Heterokonten. In Rabenhorst's Kryptogamen-Flora. Akademische Verlagsgesellshaft M.B.H., Leipzig, Vol. 11, 1092 pp. Pascher, A. & Petrová, J. 1931. Ãœber porenapparate und Bewegung bei einer neuen Bamgiale (Chroothece mobilis). Arch. Für Protistenkd. (Jena) 74(3):490-5222 Talfen 17 and 18. Pasquale, S.M. & Goodenough, U.W. 1988. Calmodulin sensitivity of the flagellar membrane adenylate cyclase and signaling of motile responses by cAMP in gametes of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Botanica Acta 101:118-22. Patrone, L.M., Broadwater, S.T. & Scott, J.L. 1991. Ultrastructure of vegetative and dividing cells of the unicellular red algae Rhodella violacea and Rhodella maculata. J. Phycol. 27:742-53. Payne, J.K. & Stewart, J.R. 1988. The chemical composition of the thallus wall of Characiosiphon rivularis(Characiosiphonaceae, Chlorophyta). Phycologia 27:43-9. Payne-Howell, R. & Pfiester, L.A. 1983. Sexual reproduction of Amphora veneta Kütz. (Bacillariophyta), with a special look at the initial cell and its perizonium. J. Phycol. 19 (abstr. suppl.):11. Pennington, F.C. 1985. Carotenoids of cryptophyceae. Bioch. Syst. Ecology. 13:215-9. Peterfi, L.S. & Manton, I. 1968. Observations with the electron microscope on Asteromonas gracilis Artari emend. (Stephonoptera gracilis (Artari) Wisl.), with some comparative observation on Dunaliella sp. Br. phycol. Bull. 3:423-40. Pfiester, L.A. 1976. Sexual reproduction of Peridinium willei. J. Phycol. 12:234-8. Pfiester, L.A. & Skvarla, J.J. 1980. Comparative ultrastructure of vegetative and sexual thecae of Peridinium limbatum and Peridinium cinctum (Dinophyceae). Am. J. Bot. 67:955-8. Pickett-Heaps, J.D. & Wetherbee, R. 1987. Spindle function in the green alga Mougeotia: absence of anaphase-A correlates with postmiotic nuclear migration. Cell Motility and Cytoskeleton 7:68-77. Plude, J.L., Parker, D.L., Schommer, O.J., Timmerman, R.J., Hagstrom, S.A., Joers, J.M. & Hnasko R. 1991. Chemical characterization of a polysaccharide from the slime layer of the cyanobacteium Microcystis flos-aquae C3-40. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:1696-1700. Prasatik-Cole, S. & Brand, J.J. 1983. Genetic transfer of clumping phenotype in Anacystis nidulans. Curr. Microbiol.8:141-6. Pratt, R. 1941. Studies on Chlorella vulgaris. IV. Influence of the molecular proportions of KNO3, KH2PO4, and MgSO4 in the nutrient solution on the growth of Chlorella. Am. J. Bot. 28:492-7. Prezelin, B.B. & Haxo, F.T. 1976. Purification and characteristics of PCP from the marine dinoflagellates Glenodiniumsp. and Gonyaulax polyedra. Planta 125:133-41. Prezelin, B.B., Ley, A.C. & Haxo, F.T. 1976. Effects of growth irradiance on the phytosynthetic action spectra of the marine dinoflagellate Glenodinium sp. Planta 30:251-6. Prince, J.S. & Baker, S. 1984. Batophora largoensis, new species (Chlorophyta, Dasycladaceae) from South Florida - Genetic confirmation. Bull. Mar. Sci. 34:330-4. Prince, J.S. & Baker, S. 1984. Batophora largoensis, new species (Chlorophyta, Dasycladaceae) from South Florida - Morphological and ultrastructural evidence. Bull. Mar. Sci. 34:321-9. Pringsheim, E.G. 1930. Neue Chlamydomonadaceen, welche in Reinkultur gewonnen wurden. Arch. Protistenk.69:95-102. Pringsheim, E.G. 1936. Zur Kenntnis saprotropher Algen und Flagellaten. I. Mitteilung. Ãœber Anhaufungskulturen polysaprober Flagellaten. Arch. Protistenk. 87:96. Pringsheim, E.G. 1942. Contributions to our knowledge of saprophytic algae and flagellata. III. Astasia, Distigma, Menoidium, and Rhabdomonas. New Phytol. 41:171-205. Pringsheim, E.G. 1946. The biphasic or soil-water culture method for growing algae and flagellata. J. Ecol. 33:193-204. Pringsheim, E.G. 1955. Ãœber Ochromonas danica n. sp. und andere Arten der Gattung. Arch. Mikrobiol. 23:181-92. Pringsheim, E.G. 1959. Kleine Mitteilungen über Flagellaten und Algen. V. Gonium quadratum nov. sp. Arch. Mikrobiol. 32:429-36. Pringsheim, E.G. 1966. Nutritional requirements of Haematococcus pluvialis and related species. J. Phycol. 2:1-7. Pringsheim, E.G. & Pringsheim, O. 1952. Experimental elimination of chromatophores and eye-spot in Euglena gracilis. New Phytol. 51:65-76. Pringsheim, E.G. & Pringsheim, O. 1956. Kleine Mitteilungen über Flagellaten und Algen. IV. Porphyridium cruentum und Porphyridium marinum. Arch. Mikrobiol. 24:169-73. Pröschold, T., E.H. Harris and A.W. Coleman. 2005. Portrait of a species: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Genetics170: 1601-1610. Pröschold, T., Marin, B., Schlösser, U.G. & Melkonian, M. 2001. Molecular phylogeny and taxonomic revision ofChlamydomonas (Chlorophyta). I. Emendation of Chlamydomonas Ehrenberg and Chloromonas Gobi, and description of Oogamochlamys gen. nov. and Lobochlamys gen. nov. Protist 152:265-300. Provasoli, L. 1963. Growing marine seaweeds. Proc. Int'l. Seaweed Symp. 4:9-17. Pergamon Press, New York. Provasoli, L., McLaughlin, J.J.A. & Droop, M.R. 1957. The development of artificial media for marine algae. Arch. Mikrobiol. 25:392-428. Provasoli, L. & Pintner, I.J. 1959. Artificial media for freshwater algae; problems and suggestions. In Tryon, C.A. & Hartman, R.T. [Eds.] The Ecology of Algae. Special Publication No. 2. Pymatuning Laboratory of Field Biol. University Pittsburgh, pp. 84-96. Provasoli, L., Yamasu, T. & Manton, I. 1968. Experiments on the resynthesis of symbiosis in Convoluta roscoffensiswith different flagellate cultures. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 48:465-78. Puncochárová, M. 1990. Culture Collection of Algae at the Department of Botany, Faculty of Natural Science, Charles University in Prague (CAUP). Arch. Protistenk. 138:143- 58. O'hEocha, C., O'Carra, P. & Mitchell, D. 1964. Biliproteins of cryptomonad algae. Proc. Royal Irish Acad. 63:191-200. O'hEocha, C. & Rafferty, M. 1959. Phycoerythrins and phycocyanins of cryptomonads. Nature, London 184:1049-51. O'Kelly, C.J. & Floyd, G.L. 1984. Correlations among patterns of sporangial structure and development, life histories, and ultrastructural features in the Ulvophyceae. In Irvine, D.E.G. & John, D.M. [Eds.] Systematics of the Green Algae. Academic Press, London, pp. 121-56. O'Neil, R.M. & La Claire, J.W. 1984. Mechanical wounding induces the formation of extensive coated membranes in giant algal cells. Science 225:331-3. O'Neil, R.M. & La Claire, J.W. 1988. Endocytosis and membrane dynamics during the wound response of the green algae Boergesenia. Cytobios 53:113-25. Ocampo-Paus, R. & Friedmann, I. 1966. Radiosphaera negevensis sp. n. a new chlorococcalean desert alga. Am. J. Bot. 53:663-71. Olafson, W., McCubbin, W.D. & Kay, C.M. 1988. Primary- and secondary-structural analysis of a unique prokaryotic metalothionein from a Synechococcus sp. cyanobacterium. Biochem. J. 251:691. Olsen, J.L. & West, J.A. 1988. Ventricaria (Siphonocladales-Cladophorales complex, Chlorophyta), a new genus forValonia ventricosa. Phycologia 27:103-8. Ott, F.D. 1967. Rhodosorus marinus Geitler: a new addition to the marine algal flora of the Western Hemisphere.Jour. Phycol. (Baltimore, Lawrence) 3(3): 158-159. Ott, F.D. 1987. A brief review of the species of Porphyridium with additional records for the rarely collected algaPorphyridium sordidum Geitler 1932 (Rhodophycophyta, Porphyridiales). Arch. Protistenk. 134:35-41. Owens, K.J., Farmer, M.A. & Triemer, R.E. 1988. The flagellar apparatus and reservoir/canal cytoskeleton ofCryptoglena pigra (Euglenophyceae). J. Phycol. 24:520-8. Nagel, K. & Voigt, J. 1989. In vitro evolution and preliminary characterization of a cadmium-resistant population of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Appl. Envir. Microbiol. 55:526-8. Nakada, T., Ito, T. and Tomita, M. 18S ribosomal RNA gene phylogeny of a colonial volvocalean lineage (Tetrabaenaceae-Goniaceae-Volvocaceae, Volvocales, Chlorophyceae) and its close relatives. J. Jpn. Bot. 91 Suppl.: 345-354 (2016). Nalewajko, C. & O'Mahoney, M.A. 1989. Photosynthesis of algal cultures and phytoplankton following an acid pH shock. J. Phycol. 25:319-25. Namikoshi, M., Carmichael, W.W., Sakai, R., Jares-Erijman, E.A., Kaup, A.M. & Rinehart, K.L. 1993. 9-Deazaadenosine and its 5'- a-D-Glucopyranoside isolated from the cyanobacterium Anabaena affinis strain VS-1. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115:2504-5. Neilson, A.H., Holm-Hansen, O. & Lewin, R.A. 1972. An obligately autotrophic mutant of Chlamydomonas dysosmos: a biochemical elucidation. J. Gen. Microbiol. 71:141-8. Nesaratnam, S.T., Saleem, B & Al-Daher, R. 1986. Indoor cultivation of a marine alga species in a thin-layer unit.Kuwait Inst. Sci. Res. No. 1931, 6 pp. Nichol, B.E., Budd, K, Palmer, G.R. & MacArthur, J.D. 1987. The mechanisms of fluoride toxicity and fluoride resistance in Synechococcus leopoliensis (Cyanophyceae). J. Phycol. 23:535-41. Nichols, H.W. & Bold, H.C. 1965. Trichosarcina polymorpha gen. et sp. nov. J. Phycol. 1:34- 8. Niven, G.W., Kerby, N.W., Rowell, P. & Steward, W.D.P. 1988a. The regulation of aromatic amino acid biosynthesis in amino acid liberating mutans of Anabaena variabilis. Arch. Microbiol. 150:272-7. Niven, G.W., Kerby, N.W., Rowell, P., Foster, C.A. & Stewart, W.D.P. 1988b. The effect of detergents on amino acid liberation by the N2-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis and 6-fluorotryptophan-resistant mutant strains. J. Gen. Microbiol. 134:689-95. Norris, R.E. & Pearson, B.R. 1975. Fine structure of Pyramimonas parkeae sp. nov. (Chlorophyta, Prasinophyceae).Arch. Protistenk. 117:192-213. Nozaki, H. 1981. The life history of Japanese Pandorina unicocca (Chlorophyta, Volvocales). J. Jap. Bot. 56:65-72. Nozaki, H. 1983. Morphology and taxonomy of two species of Astrephomene (Chlorophyta, Volvocales) in Japan. J. Jap. Bot. 58:345-52. Nozaki, H. 1988. Morphology, sexual reproduction and taxonomy of Volvox carteri f. kawasakiensis f. nov. (Chlorophyta) from Japan. Phycologia 27:209-20. Nozaki, H. 1989. Morphological variation and reproduction in Gonium viridistellatum (Volvocales, Chlorophyta).Phycologia 28:77-88. Nozaki, H. 1993a. Asexual and sexual reproduction in Gonium quadratum (Chlorophyta) with a discussion of phylogenetic relationships within the Goniaceae. J. Phycol. 29:369-76. Nozaki, H. 1993b. Morphology, reproduction and taxonomy of Characiochloris sasae sp. nov. (Chlorophyta) from Japan. Phycologia 32:129-35. Nozaki, H., Aizawa, K. & Watanabe, M.M. 1994. A taxonomic study of four species of Carteria (Volvocales, Chorophyta) with cruciate anterior papillae, based on cultured material. Phycologia 33:239-47. Nozaki, H., Ito, M., Sano, R., Uchida, H., Watanabe, M.M., Takahashi, H., & Kuroiwa, T. 1997. Phylogenetic analysis of Yamagishiella and Platydorina (Volvocaceae, Chlorophyta) based on rbcL gene sequences. J. Phycol. 33:272-8. Nozaki, H., Ito, M., Uchida, H., Watanabe, M.M., & Kuroiwa, T. 1997. Phylogenetic analysis of Eudorina species (Volvocaceae, Chlorophyta) based on rbcL gene sequences. J. Phycol. 33:859-63. Nozaki, H., Ito, M., Watanabe, M.M., Takano, H., & Kuroiwa, T. 1997. Phylogenetic analysis of morphological species of Carteria (Volvocaceae, Chlorophyta) based on rbcL gene sequences. J. Phycol. 33:864-67. Nozaki, H. & Itoh, M. 1994. Phylogenetic relationships within the colonial Volvocales (Chlorophyta) inferred from cladistic analysis based on morphological data. J. Phycol. 30:353-65. Nozaki, H. & Kasaki, H. 1979. The sexual process of Japanese Pandorina morum Bory (Chlorophyta). J. Jap. Bot.54:363-70. Nozaki, H. & Krienitz, L. 2001. Morphology and phylogeny of Eudorina minodii (Chodat) Nozaki et Krienitz, comb. nov. (Volvocales, Chlorophyta) from Germany. Eur. J. Phycol. 36:23-8. Nozaki, H. & Kuroiwa, T. 1991a. Morphology and sexual reproduction of Gonium multicoccum (Volvocales, Chlorophyta) from Nepal. Phycologia 30:381-93. Nozaki, H. & Kuroiwa, T. 1991b. Pandorina colemaniae sp. nov. (Volvocaceae, Chlorophyta) from Japan. Phycologia30:449-57. Nozaki, H., Misawa, K., Kajita, T., Kato, M., Nohara, S. & Watanabe, M.M. 2000. Origin and evolution of the colonial Volvocales (Chlorophyceae) as inferred from multiple, chloroplast gene sequences. Mol. Phylogenetics and Evol.17:256-68. Nozaki, H., Mita, T. & Kuroiwa, T. 1989. Pleodorina japonica sp. nov. (Volvocales, Chlorophyta) with bacteria-like endosymbionts. Phycologia 28:252-67. Nozaki, H., Ohta, N., Morita, E. & Watanabe, M.M. 1998. Toward a natural system of species in Chlorogonium(Volvocales, Chlorophyta): a combined analysis of morphological and rbcL gene sequence data. J. Phycol. 34:1024-37. Nozaki, H., Ohta, N., Yamada, T. & Takano, H. 1998. Characterization of rbcL group IA introns from two colonial volvocalean species (Chlorophyceae). Plant Mol. Biol. 37:77-85. Nozaki, H., Onishi, K. & Morita, E. 2002. Differences in pyrenoid morphology are correlated with differences in therbcL genes of members of the Chloromonas lineage (Volvocales, Chlorophyceae). J. Mol. Evol. 55:414-30. Nozaki, H., Takahara, M., Nakazawa, A., Kita, Y., Yamada, T., Takano, H., Kawano, S. & Kato, M. 2002. Evolution of the rbcL group IA introns and intron open reading frames within the colonial Volvocales (Chlorophyceae). Mol. Phylogenetics and Evol. 23:326-38. Nultsch, W. & Dolle, R. 1987. Effects of calcium ions and of calcium channel blockers on galvanotaxis ofChlamydomonas reinhardtii. Botanica Acta 101:18-23. Nultsch, W. & Mecke, A. 1988. Photobiotic responses of the cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis. Arch. Microbiol.150:343-7. Nygaard, G., Komárek, J., Kristiansen, J. & Skulberg, O.M. 1986. Taxonomic designations of the bioassay alga NIVA-CHL-1 ("Selenastrum capricornutum") and some related strains. Opera Botanica 90:5-46. MacEntee, F.J., Bold, H.C. & Archibald, P.A. 1977. Notes on some edaphic algae of the south pacific and malaysian areas, with special reference to Pseudotetraëdron polymorphum gen. et spec. nov. Soil Science124:161-6. MacEntee, F.J., Bold, H.C. & Archibald, P.A. 1978. Correction of the name Pseudotetraëdron polymorphum(Chlorophyceae). J. Phycol. 14:234. Machlis, L. 1962. The nutrition of certain species of the green alga Oedogonium. Am. J. Bot. 49:171-77. Mainx, F. 1928. Einige neue Chlorophyceen (Tetrasporales und Protococcales). Arch. Protistenk. 64:93-5. Manton, I. 1964. The possible significance of some details of flagellar bases in plants. J. Roy. Microsc. Soc. 82:279-85. Manton, I. & Parke, M. 1960. Further observations on small green flagellates with special reference to possible relatives of Chromulina pusilla Butcher. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 39:275-98. Marchant, H.J., Buck, K.R., Garrison, D.L. & Thomsen, H.A. 1989. Mantoniella in antarctic waters including the description of M. antarctica sp. nov. (Prasinophyceae). J. Phycol. 25:169. Marlowe, I.T., Green, J.C., Neal, A.C., Brasael, S.C., Eglinton, G. & Course, P.A. 1984. Long chain (n-C37-C39) alkenones in the Prymnesiophyceae: distribution of alkenones and other lipids and their taxonomic significance. Br. Phycol. J. 19:203-16. Mason, C.P., Edwards, K.R., Pignatello, J., Carlson, R.E., Gleason, F.K. & Wood, J.M. 1982. Isolation of chlorine-containing antibiotic from the freshwater cyanobacterium Scytonema hofmanni. Science (Wash. D.C.) 215:400-2. Matsuura, K., Murakami, A. & Fujita, Y. 1988. Changes in light-induced electron transfer through cytochrome b-563 depending on the oxidation-reduction conditions in intact cells of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC 6714. Plant Cell Physiol. 29:1261-8. Mattox, K.R. & Bold, H.C. 1962. Phycological Studies. III. The taxonomy of certain ulotrichacean algae. University of Texas Publication No. 6222, 67 pp. Mattox, K.R. & Stewart, K.D. 1984. Classification of the green algae: a concept based on comparative cytology. InIrvine, D.E.G. & John, D.M. [Eds] Systematics of the Green Algae. Systematics Assoc. Special Volume No. 27, Academic Press, London. Mayo, W.P., Williams, T.G., Birch, D.G. & Turpin, D.H. 1986. Photosynthetic adaptation by Synechococcus leopoliensis in response to exogenous dissolved inorganic carbon. Plant Physiol. 80:1038-40. McCracken, D.A., Nadakaunkaren, M.J. & Cain, J.R. 1980. A biochemical and ultrastructural evaluation of the taxonomic position of Glaucosphaera vacuolata Korsh. New Phytol. 86:39-44. McCracken, M.D. & Starr, R.C. 1970. Induction and development of reproductive cells in the K-32 strains of Volvox rousseletii. Arch. Protistenk. 112:262-82. McKay, R.M.L. & Gibbs, S. 1989. Immunocytochemical localization of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/ oxygenase in light-limited and light-saturated cells of Chlorella pyrenoidosa. Protoplasma 149:31-7. McKnight, D. 1981. Chemical and biological processes controlling the response of a freshwater ecosystem to copper stress: a field study of the Cu2SO4 treatment of Mill Pond Reservoir, Burlington, Massachusetts. Limnol. Oceanogr.26:518-31. McLaughlin, J.J.A. 1958. Euryhaline chrysomonads; nutrition and toxigenesis in Prymnesium parvum, with notes onIsochrysis galbana and Monochrysis lutheri. J. Protozool. 5:75-81. McLean, R.J. & Trainor, F.R. 1965. Fasciculochloris, a new chlorosphaeracean alga from a Connecticut soil.Phycologia 4:145-8. McMillan, R. 1957. Morphogenesis and polymorphism of Ankistrodesmus spp. J. Gen. Microbiol. 17:658- 77. Mendiola, L.R., Price, C.A. & Guillard, R.R.L. 1966. Isolation of nuclei from a marine dinoflagellate. Science 153:528-31. Meng, B.Y., Shinozaki, K. & Sugiura, M. 1989. Genes for riboosmal proteins S12 and S7 and elongation factors EF-G and EF-Tu of the cyanobacterium Anacystis nidulans: structural homology between 16S rRNA and S7 mRNA. Mol. Gen. Gent. 216:25-30. Metting, B. 1980. New species of green microalgae (Chlorophycophyta) from an Eastern Washington silt loam.Phycologia 19:296-306. Moewus, F. 1959. Stimulation of mitotic activity by benzidine and kinetin in Polytoma uvella. Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc. 78:295-304. Morden, C.W. & Golden, S.S. 1989. psbA genes indicate common ancestry of prochlorophytes and chloroplasts.Nature, London 337:382-5. Morrill, L.C. & Loeblich, A.R. 1981. A survey for body scales in dinoflagellates and a revision of Cachonina andHeterocapsa (Pyrrophyta). J. Plankton Res. 3:53- 66. Muller, D.G. 1967. Generationswechsel, Kernphasenwechsel und Sexualität der Braunalge Ectocarpus siliculosusim Kulturversuch. Planta Berlin 75:39-54. Muller, D.G. 1981. Culture studies on reproduction of Spermatochnus paradoxus (Phaeophyceae, Chordariales). J. Phycol. 17:384-9. Muller, E.G.D. & Buchanan, B.B. 1989. Thioredoxin is essential for photosynthetic growth. The thioredoxin m gene ofAnacystis nidulans. J. Biol. Chem. 264:4008-14. Lang, N.J. 1963a. Electron microscopy of the Volvocaceae and Astrephomenaceae. Am. J. Bot. 50:280-300. Lang, N.J. 1963b. Electron-microscopic demonstration of plastids in Polytoma. J. Protozool. 10:333-9. Lang, N.J. 1977. Starria zimbabwieënsis (Cyanophyceae) gen. nov. et sp. nov.: a filament triradiate in transverse section. J. Phycol. 13:288-96. Lazaroff, N. 1973. Photomorphogenesis and nostocacean development. In Carr, N.G. & Whitton, B.A. [Eds.] Biology of the Blue-green Algae. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, pp. 279-319. Lazaroff, N. & Vishniac, W. 1962. The participation of filament anastomosis in the developmental cycle of Nostoc muscorum, a blue-green alga. J. Gen. Microbiol. 28:203-10. Lebsky, V.K., Gonzalez-Bashan, L.E. & Bashan, Y. 2001. Ultrastructure of interaction in alginate beads between the microalga Chlorella vulgaris with its natural associative bacterium Phyllobacterium myrsinacearum and with the plant growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense. Can. J. Microbiol. 47:1-8. Lee, K.W. & Bold, H.C. 1973. Pseudocharaciopsis texensis gen. et sp. nov., a new member of the Eustigmatophyceae. Br. Phycol. J. 8:31-7. Lee, K.W. & Bold, H.C. 1974. Phycological Studies. XII. Characium and some Characium-like algae. University of Texas Publication No. 7403, 127 pp. Lee, Y.K. & Soh, C.W. 1991. Accumulation of astaxanthin in Haematococcus lacustris (Chlorophyta). J. Phycol.27:575-7. Lee, Y.K. & Tan, H.-M. 1988. Interphylum protoplast fusion and genetic recombination of the algae Porphyridium cruentum and Dunaliella spp. J. Gen. Microbiol. 134:635-41. Lewin, J.C. 1958. The taxonomic position of Phaeodactylum tricornutum. J. Gen. Microbiol. 18:427-32. Lewin, J.C. & Lewin, R.A. 1960. Auxotrophy and heterotrophy in marine littoral diatoms. Can. J. Microbiol. 6:127-34. Lewin, J.C., Lewin, R.A. & Philpott, D.E. 1958. Observations on Phaeodactylum tricornutum. J. Gen. Microbiol.18:418-26. Lewin, R.A. 1954. Mutants of Chlamydomonas moewusii with impaired mobility. J. Gen. Microbiol. 11:358-63. Lewin, R.A. 1957. Four new species of Chlamydomonas. Can. J. Bot. 35:321-6. Lewin, R.A. 1958. The cell walls of Platymonas. J. Gen. Microbiol. 19:87-90. Lewin, R.A. 1975. A Chlamydomonas with black zygospores. Phycologia 14:71-4. Lewin, R.A. 1984. Chlamydomonas sajao nov. sp. (Chlorophyta, Volvocales). Chin. J. Oceanol. Limnol. 2:92-4. Lewitus, A.J., Caron, D.A. & Miller, K.R. 1991. Effects of light and glycerol on the organization of the photosynthetic apparatus in the facultative heterotroph Pyrenomonas salina (Cryptophyceae). J. Phycol. 27:578-87. Li, R., Debella, H.J. & Carmichael, W.W. 2001. Isolates identifiable as Arthrospira maxima and Arthrospira fusiformis(Oscillatoriales, Cyanobacteria) appear identical on the basis of a morphological study in culture and 16S rRNA gene sequences. Phycologia 40:367-71. Lightfoot, D.A., McPherson, M.J, & Wootton, J.C. 1989. Detection of a homologue to an E. coli glutamate synthetase gene in a cyanobacterium. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 57:129-32. Lightfoot, D.A., Walters, D.E. & Wootton, J.C. 1988. Transformation of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus PCC 6301 using cloned DNA. J. Gen. Microbiol. 134:1509-14. Lin, M., Turpin, D.H. & Plaxton, W.C. 1989a. Pyruvate kinase isozymes from the green alga Selenastrum minutum. I. Purification and physical and immunological characterization. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 269:219-27. Lin, M., Turpin, D.H. & Plaxton, W.C. 1989b. Pyruvate kinase isozymes from the green alga Selenastrum minutum. II. Kinetic and regulatory properties. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 269:228-38. Lippert, B.E. 1967. Sexual reproduction in Closterium moniliferum and Closterium ehrenbergii. J. Phycol. 3:182-98. Loeblich, A.R. & Sherley, J.L. 1979. Observations on the theca of the motile phase of free-living and symbiotic isolates of Zooxanthella microadriatica (Freudenthal) comb. nov. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 59:195-205. Loeblich, A.R., Sherley, J.L. & Schmidt, R.J. 1979. The correct position of flagellar insertion in Prorocentrum and description of Prorocentrum rhathymum new species (Pyrrophyta). J. Plankton Res. 1:113-20. Lucksch, I. 1932. Ernährungsphysiologische Untersuchungen an Chlamydomonadeen. Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 50:64-94. Ludwig, M. & Gibbs, S.P. 1989. Evidence that the nucleomorphs of Chlorarachnion reptans (Chlorarachniophyceae) are vestigial nuclei: morphology, division and DNA-DAPI fluorescence. J. Phycol. 25:385-94. Kallio, P. 1951. The significance of nuclear quantity in the genus Micrasterias. Ann. Bot. Soc. Zool. Bot. Fenn. Vanamo 24:1-122. Kallio, P. 1953. The effect of continued illumination on the desmids. Arch. Soc. Zool. Bot. Fenn. Vanamo 8:58-74. Kallio, P. 1957. Studies on artificially produced diploid forms of some Micrasterias species (Desmidiaceae). Arch. Soc. Zool. Bot. Fenn. Vanamo 11:193-204. Kallio, P. 1960. Morphogenetics of Micrasterias americana in clone culture. Nature, London 187:164-6. Kallio, P. 1963. The effects of ultraviolet radiation and some chemicals on morphogenesis in Micrasterias. Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn. Ser. A4 70:1-39. Kangatharalingam, N., Dodds, W.K. & Priscu, J.C. 1991. Nitrogenase activity, photosynthesis, and the degree of heterocyst aggregation in the cyanobacterium Anabaena flos-aquae. J. Phycol. 27:680-6. Kantz, T. & Bold, H.C. 1969. Phycological Studies. IX. Morphological and taxonomic investigations of Nostoc andAnabaena in culture. University of Texas Publication No. 6924, 67 pp. Kapraun, D.F. 1970. Field and cultural studies of Ulva and Enteromorpha in the vicinity of Port Aransas, Texas.Contrib. Mar. Sci. 15:205-85. Karn, R.C., Starr, R.C. & Hudock, G.A. 1974. Sexual and asexual differentiation in Volvox obversus (Shaw) Printz, strains Wd3 and Wd7. Arch. Protistenk. 116:142-8. Karnahl, U. & Wasternack, C. 1989. Studies on UTP compartmentaion in the synthesis of cytoplasmic rRNA and tRNA and half life of both RNA species in Euglena gracilis. Plant Sci. 59:159-65. Kasai, H., Watanabe, K., Suda, S. & Harayama, S. 2002. Online database of the culture collection of marine mircroorganisms at Marine Biotechnology Institute Culture collection (MBIC). WFCC Newsletter 36: 9-12. Kaska, D.D., Myllyl, R., Günzler, V., Gibor, A. & Kivirikko, K.I. 1988. Prolyl 4-hydroginase from Volvox carteri. A low Mr-enzyme antigenically related to the a subunit of the vertebrate enzyme. Biochem. J. 256:257-63. Kawai, H. & Inouye, I. 1989. Flagellar autofluorescence in forty-four chlorophyll c-containing algae. Phycologia28:222-7. Keleti, G., Sykora, J.L., Lippy, E.C. & Shapiro, M.A. 1979. Composition and biological properties of lipopolysaccharides isolated from Schizothrix calcicola (Ag.) Gomont (Cyanobacteria). Appl. Envir. Microbiol. 38:471-7. Kellam, S.J., Cannell, R.J.P., Owsianka, A.M. & Walker, J.M. 1988. Results of a large-scale screening programme to detect antifungal activity from marine and freshwater microalgae in laboratory culture. Br. phycol. J. 23:45-7. Kennedy, F.G.R. & Hoshaw, R.W. 1978. Culture study of reproductive cycles and systematics in Mougeotia transeaui(Chlorophyta). J. Phycol. 14:445-50. Kenyon, C.N., Rippka, R. & Stanier, R.Y. 1972. Fatty acid composition and physiological properties of some filamentous blue-green algae. Arch. Mikrobiol. 83:216-36. Kerry, A., Laudenbach, D.E. & Trick, C.G. 1988. Influence of iron limitation and nitrogen source on growth and siderophore production by cyanobacteria. J. Phycol. 24:566-71. Kessler, E. 1976. Comparative physiology, biochemistry, and the taxonomy of Chlorella (Chlorophyceae). Plant Syst. Evol. 125:129-38. Kessler, E. 1980. Physiological and biochemical contributions to the taxonomy of the genera Ankistrodesmus andScenedesmus. Arch. Microbiol. 126:11-9. Kessler, E. & Huss, V.A.R. 1992. Comparative physiology and biochemistry and taxonomic assignment of theChlorella (Chlorophyceae) strains of the Culture Collection of the University of Texas at Austin. J. Phycol. 28:550-3. Kessler, E. & Maifarth, H. 1960. Vorkommen und Leistungsfähigkeit von Hydrogenase bei einigen Grünalgen.Arch. Mikrobiol. 37:215-25. Kessler, E. & Soeder, C.J. 1962. Biochemical contributions to the taxonomy of the genus Chlorella. Nature, London194:1096-7. Kies, L. 1967. Oogamie bei Eremosphaera viridis DeBary. Flora, Abt. B 157:1-12. King, J.M. 1972. Five new species of Chlamydomonas. J. Phycol. 8:120-6. King, J.M. 1973. Gloeococcus minutissimus sp. nov. isolated from soil. J. Phycol. 9:349-52. Kirk, D.L. 1998. Volvox: molecular genetic origins of multicellularity and cellular differentiation. Cambridge University Press, NY pp. 381 Kischler, J. & Taft, C.E. 1970. Ohio Jour. Sci. 70(1):56-57. Kiss, J.Z., A.C. Vasconcelos & R.E. Triemer. 1988. The intramembranous particle profile of the paramylon membrane during paramylon synthesis in Euglena (Euglenophyceae). J. Phycol. 24:152-7. Kneifel, H. & Hegewald, E. 1980. Amines in algae. IV. Norspermidine and other polyamines in the genusScenedesmus. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 60, Algological Studies 26:87-96. Kochert, G. 1968. Differentiation of reproductive cells in Volvox carteri. J. Protozool. 15:438-52. Kochert, G. 1975. Developmental mechanisms in Volvox reproduction. Symp. Soc. Study Dev. Growth 33:59-90. Kochert, G. & Olson, L.W. 1970. Endosymbiotic bacteria in Volox carteri. Trans. Amer. Micros. Soc. 89:475-78. Kochert, G. & Yates, I. 1974. Purification and partial characterization of a glycoprotein sexual inducer from Volvox carteri. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 71:1211-4. Komárek, J. 1970. Generic identity of the Anacystis nidulans strain Kratz-Allen/Bloom. 625 with Synechococcus Näg. 1849. Arch. Protistenk. 112:343-64. Komov, E., Cho, B.-H. & Kraus, M. 1988. The occurance of the glucose-inducible transport systems for glucose, proline and arginine in different species of Chlorella. Botanica Acta 101:321-6. Kopecký, J., Riederer, M. & Pfündel, E. 2002. Porphyridium purpureum (formerly P. cruentum) contains β-carotene but no α-carotene. Algological Studies 104:189-95. Koriem, A.M. & Ahmadjian, V. 1986. An ultrastructural study of lichenized and cultured Nostoc photobionts ofPeltigera canina, Peltigera rufescens, and Peltigera spuria. Endocyt. C. Res. 3:65-78. Koslowsky, D.J. & Waaland, S.D. 1987. Ultrastructure of selective chloroplast destruction after somatic cell fusion inGriffithsia pacifica Kylin (Rhodophyta). J. Phycol. 23:638-48. Kotzabasis, K., Shüring, M.-P. & Senger, H. 1989. Occurance of protochlorophyll and its phototranformation to chlorophyll in mutant C-2A' of Scenedesmus obliguus. Physiol. Plant. 75:221-6. Kovácik, L. 1975. Taxonomic review of the genus Tetraedron (Chlorococcales). Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 46:354-91. Kovácik, L. 1988. Cell division in simple coccal cyanophytes. Arch. Hyrdobiol. Suppl. 80:149-90. Kratz, W.A. & Myers, J. 1955. Nutrition and growth of several blue-green algae. Am. J. Bot. 42:282-7. Krishnamurthy, V. 1957. The genus Schmitz from south India. Phytomorphology (Delhi) 7(1): 102-112. Kromer Baker, K. 1987. Systematics and ecology of Lyngbya spp. and associated species (Cyanophyta) in a New England salt marsh. J. Phycol. 23:201-8. Krueger, G.H. & Eloff, J.N. 1977. J. Limnol. Soc. South Africa 3:21-5. Kugrens, P. 1984. Octosporiella coloradoensis gen. et. sp. nov., a new tetrasporalean green alga from two Colorado mountain lakes. J. Phycol. 20:88-94. Kugrens, P., Clay, B.L. & Aguiar, R. 2000. Ultrastructure of Lobocharacium coloradoense, gen. et sp. nov. (Chlrophyta, Characiosiphonaceae), an unusual coenocyte from Colorado. J. Phycol. 36:421-32. Kugrens, P., Clay, B.L., Meyer, C.J. & Lee, R.E. 1999. Ultrastructure and description of Cyanophora biloba, sp. nov., with additional observations on C. paradoxa (Glaucophyta). J. Phycol. 35:844-54. Kugrens, P. & Delivopoulos, S.G. 1986. A descriptive and ultrastructural study of the green alga, Chlamydomonas desmidii sp. nov. (Volvocales, Chlamydomonadaceae), from Rocky Mountain National Park lakes. J. Phycol. 22:71-8. Kugrens, P. & Lee, R.E. 1990. Ultrastrutctural evidence for bacterial incorporation and myxotrophy in the photosynthetic cryptomonad Chroomonas pochmanni Huber-Pestalozzi (Cryoptomonadida). J. Protozool. 37: 263-7. Kugrens, P. & Lee, R.E. 1991. Organization of Cryptomonads. In Patterson, D. J. & Larsen, J. [Eds.] The Biology of Free-living Heterotrophic Flagellates. The Systematics Association, Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 219-33. Kugrens, P., Lee, R.E. & Anderson, R.A. 1986. Cell form and surface patterns in Chroomonas and Cryptomonas cells (Cryptophyta) as revealed by scanning electron microscopy. J. Phycol. 22:512-22. Kugrens, P., Lee, R.E. & Andersen, R.A. 1987. Ultrastructural variations in cryptomonad flagella. J. Phycol. 23:511-8. Jaag, O. 1933. Coccomyxa Schmidle. Monographie einer Algengattung. Beitr. Kryptogamenflora Schweiz 8:1-132. Jackson, A.R.B., McInnes, A., Falconer, I.R. & Runnegar, M.T.C. 1984. Clinical and pathological changes in sheep experimentally poisoned by the blue-green alga Microcystis aeruginosa. Vet Pathol. 21:102-13. James, C.M. & Abu-Rezeq, T.S. 1988. Effect of different cell densities of Chlorella capsulata and a marine Chlorellasp. for feeding the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis. Aquaculture 69:43-56. Jeffrey, S.W., Sielicki, M. & Haxo. F. 1975. Chloroplast pigment patterns of dinoflagellates. J. Phycol. 11:374-84. Johanningmeier, U. 1988. Possible control of transcript levels of chlorophyll precursors in Chlamydomonas. Eur. J. Biochem. 177:417-24. Johansen, J.R., Olsen, C.E., Lowe, R.L., Fucikova, K. & Casamatta, D.A. 2008. Leptolyngbya species from selected seep walls in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Algological Studies 126: 21-36. John, D.M. & Johnson, L.R. 1987. Observations on the developmental morphology, growth rate, and reproduction ofMicrothamnion kuetzingianum Nägeli (Pleurastraceae, Pleurastrales) in culture and a taxonmomic assessment of the genus. Nova Hedwigia 44:25-33. Johnson, L.R. & John, D.M. 1988. British Museum (Natural History) Botany Department, Freshwater Algae Section, List of Cultures 1988. 22 pp. Juknat, A.A., Seubert, A., Seubert, S. & Ippen, H. 1989. Studies on uroporphyrinogen dicarboxylase of etiolatedEuglena gracilis Z. Eur. J. Biochem. 179:423-8. Indelicato, S.R. & Loeblich, A.R. 1985. A description of the marine dinoflagellate Scrippsiella tinctoria sp. nov.Jap. J. Phycol. 33:127-34. Haines, K.C. 1966. The inorganic carbon and pH requirements of Tetrallantos lagerheimii Teiling. M.S. thesis, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Hara, Y., & Chihara, M. 1987. Morphology, ultrastructure and taxonomy of the raphidophycean alga Heterosigma akashiwo. Bot. Mag. Tokyo 100:151-63. Harris, D.O. & Starr, R.C. 1969. Life history and physiology of reproduction of Platydorina caudata Kofoid. Arch. Protistenk. 111:138-55. Hauschild, C.A., McMurter, H.J.G. & Pick, F.R. 1991. Effect of spectral quality on growth and pigmentation of picocyanobacteria. J. Phycol. 27:698-702. Hayhome, B.A., Whiten, D.J., Harkins, K.R. & Pfiester, L.A. 1987. Intraspecific variation in the dinoflagellatePeridinium volzii. J. Phycol. 23:573-80. Healey, F.P. 1973. Characteristics of phosphorus deficiency in Anabaena. J. Phycol. 9:383-94. Hegewald, E. 1982. Taxonomisch-morphologische Untersuchungen von Scenedesmus-Isolaten aus Stammsammlungen. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 60, Algological Studies 29:375-406. Hegewald, E. 1988. A new interpretation of the genus Didymocystis Kors. (Chlorophyta, Chlorococcales). Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 78, Algological Studies 48:309-12. Hegewald, E. 1989. The Scenedesmus strains of the Culture Collection of the University of Texas at Austin (UTEX).Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 82, Algological Studies 55:153-189. Hegewald, E. 2000. New combinations in the genus Desmodesmus (Chlorophyceae, Scenedesmaceae). Algological Studies 96:1-18. Hegewald, E. & Deason, T. 1988. Pseudoschroederia punctata (Chlorophyta, Chlorococcales), a new species with an unusual cell wall. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 78, Algological Studies 49:465-73. Hegewald, E., Engelberg, K. & Paschma, R. 1988. Beitrag zur Taxonomie der Gattung Scenedesmsus, SubgenusScenedesmus (Chlorophyceae). Nova Hedwigia 47:497-533. Hegewald, E., Hindák, F. & Schnepf, E. 1990. Studies on the genus Scenedesmus MEYEN (Chlorophyta, Chlorococcales) from Southern India, with special reference to the cell wall ultrastructure. Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft99:1-75 + 135 plates. Hegewald, E. & Kneifel, H. 1981. Amines in Algen. V. Das Vorkommen von Norspermidin und anderen Polyaminen in einigen Grünalgen. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 60, Algological Studies 28:313-23. Hegewald, E. & Reymond, O.L. 1987. The life cyle and taxonomy of Paradoxia multiseta Svir. (Chlorophyceae, Chlorococcales), and related taxa. Cryptogamie, Algologie 8:191-9. Hegewald, E. & Schmidt, A. 1989. Die Scenedesmus-Isolate von CHODAT. I. S. jovis R. CHOD.. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 82, Algological Studies 57:401-408. Hegewald, E., Schmidt, A., Braband, A. and Tsarenko, P. 2005. Revision of the Desmodesmus (Sphaeropleales, Scenedesmaceae) species with lateral spines. 2. The multi-spined to spineless taxa. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 157, Algological Studies 116:1-38. Hegewald, E. & Schnepf, E. 1984. Zur Struktur und Taxonomie bestachelter Chlorellales (Micractiniaceae, Golenkiniaceae, Siderocystopsis). Nova Hedwigia 39:297-383. Hegewald, E. & Schnepf, E. 1991. Scenedesmus abundans (KIRCHN.) CHOD., an older name for Chlorella fuscaSHIH. et KRAUSS. Arch. Protistenk. 139:133-176. Hegewald, E & Wolf, M 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of Scenedesmus and Acutodesmus (Chlorophyta, Chlorophyceae) as inferred from 18S rDNA and ITS-2 sequence comparisons. Plant Systematics and Evolution 241: 185-191. Heimke, J.W. & Starr, R.C. 1979. The sexual process in several heterogamous Chlamydomonas strains in the subgenus Pleiochloris. Arch. Protistenk. 122:20-42. Hellebust, J.A. & Ahmad, I. 1989. Nitrogen metabolism and amino acid nutrition in the soil alga Stichococcus bacillaris (Chlorophyceae). J. Phycol. 25:48-54. Hellebust, J.A. & Le Gresley, S.M.L. 1985. Growth characteristics of the marine rock pool flagellate Chlamydomonas pulsatilla Wollenweber (Chlorophyta). Phycologia 24:225-9. Henley, W.J., Hironaka, J.L., Buchheim, M.A., Buchheim, J.A., Fawley, M.W. & Fawley, K.P. 2004. Phylogenetic analysis of the “Nannochloris-like” algae and diagnoses of Picochlorum oklahomensis sp. Nov. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). Phycologia in press. Henley, W.J., K.M. Major and J.L. Hironaka. 2002. Response to salinity and heat stress in two halotolerant chlorophyte algae. J. Phycol. 38:757-766. Henley, W.J. & Ramus, J. 1989. Photoacclimation of Ulva rotundata (Chlorophyta) under natural irradience. Marine Biology 103:261-6. Hernandez et al. 2009. Growth promotion of the freshwater microalga Chlorella vulgaris by the nitrogen-fixing, plant growth-promoting bacterium Bacillus pumilus from arid zone soils. European J. of Soil Biology 45:88-93. Herndon, W. 1958a. Studies on chlorosphaeracean algae from soil. Am. J. Bot. 45:298-308. Herndon, W. 1958b. Some new species of chlorococcacean algae. Am. J. Bot. 45:308-23. Herron, H.A. & Mauzerall, D. 1972. The development of a greening mutant of Chlorella and an analysis of the light saturation curve. Pl. Physiol. 50:414-8. Heywood, P. 1973. Nutritional studies on the Chloromonadophyceae: Vacuolaria virescens and Gonyostomum semen.J. Phycol. 9:156-9. Hibberd, D.J. 1981. Notes on the nomenclature of the algal class Eustigmatophyceae and Tribophyceae (synonym Xanthophyceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 82:93-119. Hibberd, D.J. & Norris, R.E. 1984. Cytology and ultrastructure of Chlorarachnion reptans (Chlorarachniophyta divisio nova, Chlorarachniophyceae classis nova). J. Phycol. 20:310-30. Hildreth, K.C. & Ahmadjian, V. 1981. Trebouxia and Pseudotrebouxia isolated from different lichens. Lichenologist13:65-86. Hill, D.R.A. & Wetherbee, R. 1986. Proteomonas sulcata gen. et sp. nov. (Cryptophyceae) a cryptomonad with two morphologically distinct and alternating forms. Phycologia 25:521-43. Hill, G.J.C. 1980. Mating induction in Oedogonium. In Gantt, E. [Ed.] Handbook of Phycological Methods. Cambridge University Press, pp. 25-36. Hill, G.J.C., Cunningham, M.R., Byrne, M.M., Ferry, T.P. & Halvorson, J.S. 1989. Chemical control of androspore morphogenesis in Oedogonium donnellii (Chlorophyta, Oedogoniales). J. Phycol. 25:368-76. Hindák, F & Trainor, F.R. 1995. Producing Scenedesmus obliquus gametes. Algological Studies 77:45-49. Hinterstoisser, B., Missbichler, A., Pineau, B. & Peschek, G.A. 1988. Detection of chlorophilide a in chlorophyll-free plasma membrane preparations from Anacystis nidulans. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 154:839-46. Hittner, D. & Kugrens, P. 1995. Ultrastructure of an unusual, uniflagellate green (Prasinophyte) alga isolated from a Minnesota lake. J. Phycol. 31 (suppl.):20. Hoek, C. van den & Chihara, M. (2000). A taxonomic revision of the marine species of Cladophora (Chlorophyta) along the coasts of Japan and Russian Far-east. National Science Museum Tokyo, Monographs 19, 242 pp. Hoek, C. van den & Flinterman, A. (1968). The life history of Spacelaria furcigera Kutz. (Phaeophyceae). Blumea 16: 193-242. (as S. furcigera) Hoffman, L.R. 1965. Cytological studies of Oedogonium. I. Oospore germination in O. foveolatum. Am. J. Bot.52:173-81. Hoffman, L.R. 1967. Four new species of Oedogonium. Can. J. Bot. 45:405-10. Hoffman, L.R. 1983. Atractomorpha echinata gen. et sp. nov., a new anisogamous member of the Sphaeropleaceae (Chlorophyceae). J. Phycol. 19:76-86. Hoffman, L.R. 1984. Atractomorpha porcata sp. nov., a new member of the Sphaeropleaceae (Chlorophyceae) from California. J. Phycol. 20:225-36. Hoffman, L.R. & Buchheim, M.A. 1989. Zygote appendages (cirri), a new structural feature in the Sphaeropleaceae (Chlorophyceae). J. Phycol. 25:149-59. Hoffman, L.R. & Hofman, C. 1975. Zoospore formation in Cylindrocapsa. Can. J. Bot. 53:439-49. Hoffman, L.R. & Manton, I. 1963. Observations on the fine structure of Oedogonium. II. The spermatozoid of O. cardiacum. Am. J. Bot. 50:455-63. Hoham, R.W. 1973. Pleiomorphism in the snow alga, Raphidonema nivale, and a revision of the genusRaphidonema. Syesis 6: 243-253. Hoham, R.W., Berman, J.D., Rogers, H.S., Felio, J.H., Ryba, J.B. & Miller, P.R. 2006. Two new species of green snow algae from Upstate New York, Chloromonas chenangoensis sp. nov. and Chloromonas tughillensis sp. nov. (Volvocales, Chlorophyceae) and the effects of light on their life cycle development. Phycologia 45: 319-330. Hoham, R.W., Bonome, T.A., Martin, C.W. and Leebens-Mack, J.H. 2002. A combined 18S rDNA and rbcL phylogenetic analysis of Chloromonas and Chlamydomonas emphasizing snow and other cold-temperature habitats. Journal of Phycology 38: 1051-1064. Hoham, R.W. and Mullet, J.E. 1977. The life history and ecology of the snow alga Chloromonas cryophila sp. nov. Phycologia 16:53-68. Hoham, R.W. and Mullet, J.E.. 1978. Chloromonas nivalis (Chod.) Hoh. & Mull. comb. nov., and additional comments on the snow alga, Scotiella. Phycologia 17:106-107. Hoham, R.W., Roemer, S.C. and Mullet, J.E. 1979. The life history and ecology of the snow alga Chloromonas brevispina comb. nov. Phycologia 18: 55-70. Hoham, R.W., Mullet, J.E. and Roemer, S.C. 1983. The life history and ecology of the snow alga Chloromonas polyptera comb. nov. Canadian Journal of Botany 61: 2416-2429. Holcomb, G.E. & Henk, M.C. 1984. Association of the green alga Cephaleuros with the black leafspot of Magnolia grandiflora. Phytopath. 74:821-2. Hoopen, A. ten & Breeman, A.M. (1983). Photoperiodic response in the formation of gametangia in the long day plantSphacelaria rigidula (Phaeophyceae). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 13:285-289. Hoshaw, R.W. 1965. Mating types of Chlamydomonas from the collection of Gilbert M. Smith. J. Phycol. 1:194-6. Hoshaw, R.W. & Ettl, H. 1966. Chlamydomonas smithii sp. nov.--a chlamydomonad interfertile with Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. J. Phycol. 2:93-6. Hoshaw, R.W. & Hilton, R.L. 1966. Observations on the sexual cycle of the saccoderm desmid Sprirotaenia condensata. J. Arizona Acad. Science 4:88-92. Hoshaw, R.W., Wang, J.-C., McCourt, R.M. & Hull, H.M. 1985. Ploidal changes in clonal cultures of Spirogyra communis and implications for species definition. Am. J. Bot. 72:1005-1011. Hoshaw, R.W., Wells, C.V. & McCourt, R.M. 1987. A polyploid species complex in Spirogyra maxima (Chlorophyta, Zygnemataceae), a species with large chromosomes. J. Phycol. 23:267-73. Hosotani, K., Ohkochi, T., Inui, H., Yokota, A., Nakano, T. & Kitaoka, S. 1988. Photoassimilation of fatty acids, fatty alcohols and sugars by Euglena gracilis Z. J. Gen. Microbiol. 134:61-6. Howard, R.V. & Parker, B.C. 1979. Phycologia 18(4):330-337. Hughes, E.O., Gorham, P.R. & Zehnder, A. 1958. Toxicity of a unialgal culture of Microcystis aeruginosa. Can. J. Microbiol. 4:225-36. Huss, V.A.R., Wein, K.H. & Kessler, E. 1988. Deoxyribonucleic acid reassociation in the taxonomy of the genusChlorella. Arch. Microbiol. 150:509-11. Hutner, S.H., Bach, M.K. & Ross, G.I. 1956. A sugar-containing basal medium for vitamin B12-assay with Euglena; application to body fluids. J. Protozool. 3:101-12. Gartner, G. & Schragl, A. 1988. Zur Taxonomie von Coccomyxa brevis nov. comb. (Chlorophyceae, Chlorococcales), fraher Nephrodiella brevis Vischer (Xanthophyceae, Mishococcales). Nova Hedwigia 46:511-7. Gallagher, S.B. & Humm, H.J. 1980. Pilinia earleae n. sp. (Chlorophyceae, Chroolepidaceae) from the Florida west coast. J. Phycol. 16:532-6. Gallon, J.R., Perry, S.M., Rajab, T.M.A., Flayeh, K.A.M., Yunes, J.S. & Chaplin, A.E. 1988. Metabolic changes associated with the diurnal pattern of N2-fixation in Gloeothece. J. Gen. Microbiol. 134:3079-87. Gassner, E.B. 1962. On the pigment absorbing at 750 mµ occurring in some blue-green algae. Plant Physiol.37:637-9. Gekeler, W., Grill, E., Winnacker, E.-L. & Zenk, M.H. 1988. Algae sequester heavy metals via synthesis of phytochelation complexes. Arch. Microbiol. 150:197-202. Gendel, S.M. 1988. Plasmid DNA of the chromatically adapting cyanobacterium Fremyella diplosiphon. Curr. Microbiol. 17:23-6. George, E.A. [Ed.]. 1976. Culture Centre of Algae and Protozoa List of Strains 1976 (3rd ed.). Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Natural Environment Research Council, Cambridge, England, mimeographed, 120 pp. Gerisch, G. 1959. Die Zelldifferenzierung bei Pleodorina californica Shaw und die Organisation der Phytomonadinenkolonien. Arch. Protistenk. 104:292-358. Gerloff, G.C., Fitzgerald, G.P. & Skoog, F. 1950. The isolation, purification, and culture of blue-green algae. Am. J. Bot. 37:216-8. Gherna, R., Nierman, W. & Pienta, M.S. [Eds.] 1985. American Type Culture Collection: Catalogue of Bacterial, Phages and rDNA Vectors 16th Edition, 316 pp. Gilbert, J.J. 1990. Differential effects of Anabaena affinis on cladocerans and rotifers: mechanisms and impication.Ecology 71:1727-40. Gleason, F.K. 1990. The natural herbicide, cyanobacterin, specifically disrupts thylakoid membrane-structure inEuglena gracilis strain Z. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 68:77-81. Goldberg, W.M. & Makemson, J.C. 1981. Description of a tumorous condition in a gorgonian coral associated with a filamentous green alga. Proc. Fourth Int'l Coral Reef Symp., Manilla, 1981 Vol 2. pp. 685-97. Golden, S.S. & Sherman, L.A. 1980. Optimal conditions for genetic transformation of the cyanobacterium Anacystis nidulans R2. J. Bacteriol. 158:36-42. Goldstein, M. 1964. Speciation and mating behavior in Eudorina. J. Protozool. 11:317-44. Gonzalez, L.E. & Bashan, Y. 2000. Increased growth of the microalga Chlorella vulgaris when coimmobilized and cocultured in alginate beads with the plant growth-promoting bacteria Azospirillum brasilense. Appl. and Environ. Mircobiol. 66:1527-31. Gonzalez, L.E., Cañizares, R.O., & Baena, S. 1997. Efficiency of ammonia and phosphorus removal from a Columbian agroindustrial wastewater by the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus dimorphus. Bioresource Tech. 60:259-62. Gonzalez-Bashan, L.E., Lebsky, V., Hernandez, J.P., Bustillos, J.J., & Bashan, Y. 2000. Changes in the metabolism of the microalga Chlorella vulgaris when coimmobilized in alginate with the nitrogen-fixing Phyllobacterium myrsinacearum. Can. J. Microbiol. 46:653-9. Gonzalez, M.A., A.W. Coleman, P.I. Gomez, & R. Montoya. 2001. Phylogenetic relationship among various strains of Dunaliella (Chlorophyceae) based on nuclear ITS rDNA sequences. Journal of Phycology 37: 604-611. Gorham, P.R., McLachlan, J., Hammer, U.T. & Kim, W.K. 1964. Isolation and culture of toxic strains of Anabaena flos-aquae (Lyngb.) de Bréb. Verein. Limnol. 15:796-804. Gorham, P.R., McNicholas, S. & Allen, E.A.D. 1982. Problems encountered in searching for new strains of toxic planktonic cyanobacteria. So. Afr. J. Science 78:357-62. Gowans, C.S. 1963. The conspecificity of Chlamydomonas eugametos and Chlamydomonas moewusii: an experimental approach. Phycologia 3:37-44. Granick, S. 1948. Protoporphyrin 9 as a precursor of chlorophyll. J. Biol. Chem. 172:717-27. Green, J.C. & Hori, T. 1988. The fine structure of mitosis in Pavlova (Prymnesiophyceae). Can. J. Bot. 66:1497-1509. Groover, R.D. & Bold, H.C. 1968. Phycological notes. I. Oocystis polymorpha sp. nov. Southwest. Nat. 13:129-35. Groover, R.D. & Bold, H.C. 1969. Phycological Studies. VIII. The taxonomy and comparative physiology of the Chlorosarcinales and certain other edaphic algae. University of Texas Publication No. 6907, 165 pp. Groover, R.D. & Hofstetter, A.M. 1969. Planophila terrestris, a new green alga from Tennessee soil. Tulane Stud. Zool. Bot. 15:75-80. Gross, E.M., Wolk, C.P. & Jüttner, F. 1991. Fischerellin, a new allelochemical from the freshwater cyanobacteriumFischerella muscicola. J. Phycol. 27:686-92. Gross, J.A. & Jahn, T.L. 1958. Some biological characteristics of chlorotic substrains of Euglena gracilis. J. Protozool.5:126-33. Gross, J.A., Jahn, T.L. & Bernstein, E. 1955. The effect of antihistamines on the pigments of green protista. J. Protozool. 2:71-5. Gross, J.A., Kivic, P.A. & Vesk, M. 1974a. Recherches sur les Alaria (Phaeophyceae) de l'estuaire canadien. I. Nombres chromosomiques et identite des Alaria de l'estuaire du St-Laurent. Can. J. Bot. 52:695-9. Gross, J.A., Kivic, P.A. & Vesk, M. 1974b. The structure of the eyespot apparatus in bleached strains of Euglena gracilis Cytobiol. 10:88-101. Gross, J.A., Stroz, R.J. & Britton, G. 1975. The carotenoid hydrocarbons of Euglena gracilis and derived mutants.Plant Physiol. 55:175-7. Grotjohann, N. & Kowallik, W. 1989. Influence of blue light on the activity of phosphofructokinase in Chlorella kessleri. Physiol. Plant. 75:43-6. Guillard, R.R.L. 1960. A mutant of Chlamydomonas moewusii lacking contractile vacuoles. J. Protozool. 7:262-8. Guillard, R.R.L., Bold, H.C. & MacEntee, F.J. 1975. Four new unicellular chlorophycean algae from mixohaline habitats. Phycologia 14:13-24. Guillard, R.R.L. & Lorenzen, C.J. 1972. Yellow-green algae with chlorophyllide c. J. Phycol. 8:10-14. Gustafson, K.R., Cardellina, J.H., Fuller, R.W., Weislow, O.S., Kiser, R.F., Snader, K.M., Patterson, G.M.L. & Boyd, M.R. 1989. AIDS-antiviral sulfolipids from cyanobaceria (blue-green algae). J. Natl Cancer Inst. 81:1254-8. Fabry, S., Kohler, A.& Coleman, A.W. 1999. Intraspecies analysis: comparison of ITS sequence data and gene intron sequence data with breeding data for a world-wide collection of Gonium pectorale. J. Mol. Evol. 48:94-101. Fahrenkrug, P.M., Bett, M.B. & Parker, D.L. 1992. Base composition of DNA from selected strains of the cyanobacterial genus Microcystis. Int'l. J. System. Bacteriol. 42:182-4. Farmer, M.A. & Roberts, K.R. 1989. Comparative analyses of the dinoflagellate flagellar apparatus. IV. Freeze substitution of Amphidinium rhynchocephalum. J. Phycol. 25:280-92. Fawley, M.W. 1991. Disjunct distribution of the xanthophyll loroxanthin in the green algae (Chlorophyta). J. Phycol.27:544-8. Felkner, R.H. & Barnum, S.R. 1988. Plasmid contents and homology of 16 strains of filamentous nonheterocystis cyanobacteria. Curr. Microbiol. 17:37-41. Fletchner, V.R., Boyer, S.L., Johansen, J.R., & DeNoble M.L. 2002. Spirirestis rafaelensis gen. et sp. nov. (Cyanophyceae), a new cyanobacterial genus from arid soils. Nova Hedwigia 74:1-24. Floyd, G.L., Wilcox, L.W. & Watanabe, S. 1990. Structure and flagellar beat in Heterochlamydomonas inaequalis, a motile, unicellular, green alga with unequal flagella and parallel basal bodies. Crypt. Bot. 1:332-9. Fogg, G.E. 1942. Studies on nitrogen fixation by blue-green algae. J. Exp. Biol. 19:78-87. Foo, S.K., Badour, S.S. & Waygood, E.R. 1971. Regulation of isocitrate lyase from autotrophic and photoheterotrophic cultures of Gloeomonas sp. Can. J. Bot. 49:1647-53. Forward, R.B. 1970. Change in the photoresponse action spectrum of the dinoflagellate Gyrodinium dorsum Kofoid by red and far-red light. Planta 92:248-58. Forward, R.B. 1973. Phototaxis in a dinoflagellate: action spectra as evidence for a two pigment system. Planta111:167-78. Forward, R.B. & Davenport, D. 1968. Red and far-red light effects on a short-term behavioral response of a dinoflagellate. Science 161:1028-9. Fott, B. 1957. Taxonomie der mikroskopischen Flora einheimischer Gewässer. Preslia 29:278-319. Fott, B. & Nováková, M. 1969. A monograph of the genus Chlorella. The fresh water species. In Fott, B. [Ed.]Studies in Phycology. Academia, Prague, 10-74. Friedl, T. & Gärtner, G. 1988. Trebouxia (Pleurastrales, Chlorophyta) as a phycobiont in the lichen genusDiploshistes. Arch. Protistenk. 135:147-58. Friedman, A.L. & Alberte, R.S. 1987. Phylogenetic distribution of the major diatom light-harvesting pigment protein determined by immunological methods. J. Phycol. 23:427-33. Friedmann, I. & Ocampo-Paus, R. 1965. A new Chlorosarcinopsis from the Negev Desert. J. Phycol. 1:185-91. Friedmann, I. & Ocampo-Paus, R. 1966. Bracteacoccus minor (Chodat) Petrova var. desertorum n. var., a remarkable alga from the Negev. Nova Hedwigia 10:481-94. Friedrich, G. 1966. Nova Hedwigia 76(1):399-403. Egan, P.F. & Trainor, F.R. 1989a. Low cell density: the unifying principle for unicell development in Scenedesmus(Chlorophyceae) Br. Phycol. J. 24:271-83. Egan, P.F. & Trainor, F.R. 1989b. The role of unicells in the polymorphic Scenedesmus armatus (Chlorophyceae). J. Phycol. 25:65-70. Eley, J.H. 1988. Note. Glyoxylate cycle enzyme activities in the cyanobacterium Anacystis nidulans. J. Phycol.24:586-8. Ellsworth, R.K. & Aronoff, S. 1968a. Investigations on the biogenesis of chlorophyll a. II. Chlorophyllide a accumulation by a Chlorella mutant. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 125:35-9. Ellsworth, R.K. & Aronoff, S. 1968b. Investigations on the biogenesis of chlorophyll a. III. Biosynthesis of Mg- vinylpheoporphine a5 methylester from Mg-protoporphine IX monomethylester as observed in Chlorella mutants.Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 125:269-77. Eloff, J.N. 1981. In Carmichael, W.W. [Ed.] The Water Environment: Algal Toxins and Health. Plenum Publishing Corp., New York, pp. 71-96. Elrifi, I.R. & Turpin, D.H. 1985. Steady-state luxury consumption and the concept of optimum nutrient ratios: a study with phosphate and nitrate limited Selenastrum minutum (Chlorophyta). J. Phycol. 21:592-602. Elrifi, I.R. & Turpin, D.H. 1986. Nitrate and ammonium induced photosythetic suppression in N-limited Selenastrum minutum. Plant Physiol. 81:273-9. Ettl, H. 1959. Bemerkung zur Artabgrenzung einiger Chlamydomonaden. (Zur Kenntnis der Klasse Volvophyceae V.)Nova Hedwigia 1:167-93. Esposito et al. 2008. Inland diatoms from the McMurdo Dry Valleys and James Ross Island, Antarctica. Canadian J. of Botany 1378-1392. Ettl, H. 1965. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Morphologie der Gattung Chlamydomonas Ehrenberg. Arch. Protistenk.108:271-430. Ettl, H. 1976. Die Gattung Chlamydomonas (Ehrenberg) Beih. Nova Hedwigia 49:1-1122. Ettl, H. 1976. Die Gattung Chlamydomonas (Ehrenberg). Nova Hedwigia, 49:579-580. Evans, L.V. 1970. Electron microscopical observations on a new red algal unicell, Rhodella maculata gen. nov., sp. nov. Br. Phycol. J. 5:1-13. Ewart, J.W. & Epifanio, C.E. 1981. Tropical flagellate food for larval and juvenile oysters, Crassostrea virginicaGmelin. Aquaculture 22:297-300. Daday, A., Mackerras, A.H. & Smith, G.D. 1988. A role for nickel in cyanobacterial nitrogen fixation and growth via cyanophycin metabolism. J. Gen. Microbiol. 134:2659-63. Daggett, P.-M. & Nerad, M.S. [Eds.] 1985. American Type Culture Collection: Catalogue of Protists - Algae/Protozoa, 16th Edition, 50 pp. Dangeard, P. 1965. Sur deux Chlorococcales marine. Botaniste 48:65-74. Daniell, H., Torres-Ruis, J.A., Inamdar, A. & McFadden, B.A. 1989. Amplified expression of ribulose biphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase in pBR322-transformants of Anacystis nidulans. Arch. Microbiol. 151:59-64. Darden, W.H. Jr. 1966. Sexual differentiation in Volvox aureus. J. Protozool. 13:239-55. Darling, R.B., Friedman, E.I.,Broady, P.A., C.A. 1987. Heterococcus protonematoides sp. nov. (Xanthophyceae) and other terrestrial Heterococcus species from Antartica: morphological changes during life history and response to temperature. J. Phycol. 23:598-607 Dauwelder, M, Whaley, W.G., & Starr, R.C. 1980. Differentiation and secretion in Volvox. J. Ultrastruct. Res. 70:318-35. Davis, J.S. 1967. The life cycle of Pediastrum simplex. J. Phycol. 3:95-103. Dawson, N.S., Dunlap, J.R. & Walne, P.L. 1988. Structure and elemental composition of pellicular warts of Euglena spirogyra (Euglenophyceae). Br. Phycol. J. 23:61-9. Dawson, N.S. & Walne, P.L. 1991. Structural characterization of Eutreptia (Euglenophyta). III. Flagellar structure and possible function of the paraxial rods. Phycologia 30:415-37. De-Bashan, L.E., Bashan, Y., Moreno, M., Lebsky, V.K. & Bustillos, J.J. 2002. Increased pigment and lipid content, lipid variety, and cell and population size of the microalgae Chlorella spp. when co-immobilized in alginate beads with the microalgae-growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense. Can J. Microbiol. 48:514-21. De-Bashan, L.E., Hernandez, J.-P., Frendrich, S., Huss, V.A.R., Gonzalez, L.M., and Bahan, Y. 2005. Chlorella sorokiniana LAP1, a heat and solar-radiation tolerant microalgae, for wastewater treatment under extreme desert conditions. Nutrient Management in Wastewater Treatment, Processes and Recycle Streams. International Water Association. Krakow, Poland. De-Bashan, L.E., Moreno, M., Hernandez, J.-P., & Bashan, Y. 2002. Removal of ammonium and phosphorus ions from synthetic wastewater by the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris coimmobilized in alginate beads with the microalgae growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense. Water Res. 36:2941-8. De-Bashan L.E., Trejo A., Huss V.A.R., Hernandez J.-P. and Bashan, Y. 2008. Chlorella sorokiniana UTEX 2805, a heat and intense, sunlight-tolerant microalga with potential for removing ammonium from wastewater. Bioresource Technology 99:4980-4989. De-Bashan, L. & Bashan, Y. 2008. Joint immobilization of plant growth-promoting bacteria and green microalgae in alginate beads as an experimental model for studying plant-bacterium interactions. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 74:6797-6802. De-Bashan, L., Magallon, P., Antoun, H., & Bashan, Y. 2008. Role of glutamate dehydrogenase and glutamine synthetase in Chlorella vulgaris during assimilation of ammonium when jointly immobilized with the microalgae-growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense. J. Phycol. 44:1188-96. De-Bashan, L., Antoun, H., & Bashan, Y. 2008. Involvement of indole-3-acetic acid produced by the growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum spp. in promoting growth of Chlorella vulgaris. J. Phycol. 44:938-47. De Waard, A. & Duyvesteyn, M.G.C. 1980. Are sequence-specific deoxyribonucleases of value as taxonomic markers of cyanobacterial species? Arch. Microbiol. 128:242-7. De Waard, A., Korsuize, J., van Beveren, C.P. & Maat, J. 1978. A new sequence-specific endonuclease fromAnabaena cylindrica. FEBS Letters 96:106-14. Deason, T.R. 1959. Three new Chlorophyceae from Alabama soil. Am. J. Bot. 46:572-8. Deason, T.R. 1967a. Chlamydomonas gymnogama, a new homothallic species with naked gametes. J. Phycol. 3:109-12. Deason, T.R. 1967b. Pulchrasphaera, a new chlorococcalean genus. J. Phycol. 3:19-21. Deason, T.R. 1969. Filamentous and colonial soil algae from Dauphin Island, Alabama. Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc.88:240-6. Deason, T.R. 1971. The genera Spongiococcum and Neospongiococcum. I. The genus Spongiococcum and the multinucleate species of the genus Neospongiococcum. Phycologia 10:17-27. Deason, T.R. 1976. The genera Spongiococcum and Neospongiococcum. III. New species, biochemical characteristics and a summary key. Phycologia 15:197- 213. Deason, T.R. & Bold, H.C. 1960. Phycological Studies. I. Exploratory studies of Texas soil algae. University of Texas Publication No. 6022, 70 pp. Deason, T.R., Butler, G.L. & Rhyne, C. 1983. Rhodella reticulata sp. nov., a new coccoid rhodophytan alga (Porphyridiales). J. Phycol. 19:104-11. Deason, T.R. & Cox, Edmund R. 1971. The genera Spongiococcum and Neospongiococcum with labile walls.Phycologia 10:255-62. Deason, T.R., Czygan, F.-C. & Soeder, C.J. 1977. Taxonomic significance of secondary carotenoid formation inNeospongiococcum (Chlorococcales, Chlorophyta). J. Phycol. 13:176-80. Deason, T.R. & Floyd, G.L. 1987. Comparative ultrastructure of three species of Chlorosarcina (Chlorosarcinaceae, Chlorophyta). J. Phycol. 23:187-95. Deason, T.R. & Herndon, W.R. 1989. Three new green coccoid zoospore-producing algae from the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, U.S.A. Pl. Syst. Evol. 164:123-32. Deason, T.R. & Ratnasabapathy, M. 1976. A new homothallic variety of Chlamydomonas moewusii Gerloff. J. Phycol.12:82-5. Deflandre, G. & Dusi, H. 1935. Description d'une euglene nouvelle, Euglena mesnili nov. spec. Arch. Zool. Exp. Gen. Notes Rev. 77:12-4. Dempsey, G.P., Lawrence, D. & Cassie, V. 1981. The ultrastructure of Chlorella minutissima Fott et Nováková (Chlorophyceae, Chlorococcales). Phycologia 19:13-9. Dempsy, L.C. 1977. Master's Thesis, University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh. DeYoe, H.R., Stockwell, D.A., Bidigare, R.R., Latasa, M., Johnson, P.W., Hargraves, P.E. & Suttle, C.A. 1997. Description and characterization of the algal species Aureoumbra lagunensis gen. et. sp. nov. and referral of Aureoumbra and Aureococcus to the Pelagophyceae. J. Phycol. 33:1042-8 Doers, M.P. & Parker, D.L. 1988. Properties of Microcystis aeruginosa and Microcystis flos-aquae (Cyanophyta) in culture - taxonomic implications. J. Phycol. 24: 502-8. Drew, K. 1956. Conferva ceramicola Lyngbye. Botanisk Tidsskrift 53:67-74. Droop, M.R. 1953. Phagotrophy in Oxyrrhis marina Dujardin. Nature, London 172:250. Droop, M.R. 1955. Some new supra-littoral protista. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 34:233-45. Droop, M.R. 1961. Haematococcus pluvialis and its allies; III: organic nutrition. Rev. Algol. n.s. 4:247-59. Droop, M.R. 1967. A procedure for routine purification of algal cultures with antibiotics. Br. Phycol. Bull. 3:295-7. Droop, M.R. & Pennock, J.F. 1971. Terpinoids, quinones, and steroids in the nutrition of Oxyrrhis marina. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 51:455-70. Duyvesteyn, M.G.C., Korsuize, J., De Waard, A., Vonshak, A. & Wolk, C.P. 1983. Sequence-specific endonucleases in strains of Anabaena and Nostoc. Arch. Microbiol. 134:276-81. Dykstra, R.F. 1971. Borodinellopsis texensis: gen. et sp. nov. A new alga from the Texas Gulf Coast. In Parker, B.C. & Brown, R.M., Jr. [Eds.] Contributions in Phycology. Allen Press, Lawrence, Kansas, pp. 1-8. Cambridge, M.L., Breeman, A.M. & Hoek, C. van den (1990a). Temperature limits at the distribution boundaries of four tropical to temperate species of Cladophora (Cladophorales; Chlorophyta) in the North Atlantic Ocean. Aquatic Botany 38:135-151. Cambridge, M.L., Breeman, A.M. & Hoek, C. van den (1990b). Temperature responses limiting the geographic distribution of two temperature species of Cladophora (Cladophorales; Chlorophyta) in the North Atlantic Ocean.Phycologia 29:74-85. (as C. sericea, gracilis-form) Cambridge, M.L., Breeman, A.M. & Hoek, C. van den (1991). Temperature responses and distribution of Australian species of Cladophora (Cladophores; Chlorophyta). Aquatic Botany 40:73-90. Cambridge, M., Breeman, A.M., Oosterwijk, R. van & Hoek, C. van den (1984). Temperature responses of some North Atlantic Cladophora species (Chlorophyceae) in relation to their geographic distribution. Helgoländer Meeresunters 37:349-363. Cannell, R.J.P., Farmer, P. & Walker, J.M. 1988a. Purification and charaterization of pentagalloylglucose, and a-glucosidase inhibitor/antibiotic from the freshwater alga Spirogyra varians. Biochem. J. 255:937-41. Cannell, R.J.P., Owsianka, A.M. & Walker, J.M. 1988b. Results of a large-scale screening programme to detect antibacterial activity from freshwater algae. Br. phycol. J. 23:41-4. Carefoot, R.J. 1968. Culture and heterotrophy of the freshwater dinoflagellate Peridinium cinctum fa. ovoplanumLindemann. J. Phycol. 4:129-31. Carmichael, W.W. & Gorham, P.R. 1980. Freshwater cyanophyte toxins: types and their effects on the use of microalgal biomass. In Shelef, G. & Soeder, C.J. [Eds.] Algal Biomass: Production and Use. Elsevier North Holland Press, Amsterdam, pp 437-48. Cees, A.M., Van den Hondel, J.J., Verbeek, S., Van der Ende, A., Weisbeek, P.J., Borrias, W.E. & Van Arkel, G.A. 1980. Introduction of transposon Tn901 into a plasmid of Anacystis nidulans: preparation for cloning in cyanobacteria. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77:1570-4. Chantanachat, S. & Bold, H.C. 1962. Phycological Studies. II. Some algae from arid soils. University of Texas Publication No. 6218, 74 pp. Chappell, D.F., Hoops, H.J. & Floyd, G.L. 1989. Strip-like covering revealed on "wall-less" Asteromonas(Chlorophyceae) J. Phycol. 25:197-9. Cheng, J.Y., Don-Paul, M. & Antia, N.J. 1974. Isolation of an unusually stable cis-isomer of alloxanthin from a bleached autolysed culture of Chroomonas salina grown photoheterotrophically on glycerol. Observations on cis-trans isomerization of alloxanthin. J. Protozool. 21:761-8. Chesnick, J.M., K. Tuxbury, A. Coleman, G. Burger & B.F. Lang. 1996. Utility of the mitochondrial nad4L gene for algal and protistan phylogenetic analysis. Journal of Phycology 32: 452-456. Christopher, D.A., Cushman, J.C., Price, C.A. & Hallick, R.B. 1988. Organization of ribosomal protein genes rpl23, rpl2, rps19, rpl22 and rps3 on the Euglena gracilis chloroplast genome. Curr. Genet. 14:275-86. Clay, B., Kugrens, P., & Lee, R.E. 1995. Variations within the genus Camyplomonas (Cryptophyceae). J. Phycol. 31 (suppl.):21. Coleman, A.W. 1959. Sexual isolation in Pandorina morum. J. Protozool. 6:249-64. Coleman, A.W. 1963. Immobilization, agglutination and agar precipitin effects of antibodies to flagella of Pandorinamating types. J. Protozool. 10:141-8. Coleman, A.W. 1977. Sexual and genetic isolation in the cosmopolitan algal species Pandorina morum. Am. J. Bot.64:361-8. Coleman, A.W. 1979. Use of the fluorochrome 4′6-diamidino-2-phenylindole in genetic and developmental studies of chloroplast DNA. The Journal of Cell Biology 82: 299-305. Coleman, A.W. 1982. The nuclear cell cycles in Chlamydomonas (Chlorophyceae). The Journal of Phycology 18: 192-195. Coleman, A.W. 1988. Note. The autofluorescent flagellum: a new phylogenetic enigma. J. Phycol. 24:118-20. Coleman, A.W. 1999. Phylogenetic analysis of Volvocaceae for comparative genetic studies. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.96:13892-7. Coleman, A.W. 2001. Biogeography and speciation in the Pandorina/Volvulina (Chlorophyta) superclade. J. Phycol.37:836-51. Coleman, A.W. 2002. Comparison of Eudorina/Pleodorina ITS sequences of isolates from nature with those from experimental hybrids. American Journal of Botany 89: 1523-1530. Coleman, A.W. & Zollner, J. 1977. Cytogenetic polymorphism within the species Pandorina morum Bory De St. Vincent (Volvocaceae). Arch. Protistenk. 119:224-32. Colijn, F. & Hoek, C. van den (1971). The life history of Spacelaria furcigera Kutz. (Phaeophyceae). II. The influence of daylength and temperature on sexual and vegetative reproduction. Nova Hedwigia 21: 899-922. (as S. furcigera) Conway, K. & Trainor, F. 1972. Scenedesmus morphology and flotation. J. Phycol. 8:138-43. Cook, M.E. 2004. Structure and asexual reproduction of the enigmatic charophycean green alga Entransia fimbriata(Klebsormidiales, Charophyceae). J. Phycol. 40:424-31. Cook, P.W. 1962. Growth and reproduction of Bulbochaete hiloensis in unialgal culture. Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc.81:384-95. Cook, P.W. 1963a. Variation in vegetative and sexual morphology among the small curved species of Closterium.Phycologia 3:1-18. Cook, P.W. 1963b. Host range studies of certain phycomycetes parasitic on desmids. Am. J. Bot. 50:580-8. Cox, Edmund R. 1966. Heterochlamydomonas, a new alga from Tennessee. J. Tenn. Acad. Sci. 44:105-7. Cox, Edmund R. & Deason, T.R. 1968. Axilosphaera and Heterotetracystis, new chlorosphaeracean genera from Tennessee soil. J. Phycol. 4:240-9. Cox, Elenor R. & Bold, H.C. 1966. Phycological Studies. VII. Taxonomic investigations of Stigeoclonium. University of TexasPublication No. 6618, 167 pp. Craig, F.N. & Trelease, S.F. 1937. Photosynthesis of Chlorella in heavy water. Am. J. Bot. 24:232-42. Cribb, A.B. 1965. Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland (Brisbane) 69(4):1965. Culberson, C.F. & Ahmadjian, V. 1980. Artificial reestablishment of lichens. II. Secondary products of resynthesized Cladonia cristatellaand Lecanora chrysoleuca. Mycologia. Cushman, J.C., Christopher, D.A., Little, M.C., Hallick, R.B. & Price, C.A. 1988. Organization of the psbE, psbF, orf38, and orf42 gene locion the Euglena gracilis chloroplast genome. Curr. Genet. 13:173-80. Czarnecki, D.B. 1987. The freshwater diatom culture collection at Loras College. Notulae Naturae Philosophical Academy of Natural Science. 465: 1–16. Czarnecki, D.B. 1994. The freshwater diatom culture collection at Loras College, Dubuque, IA. In Kociolek, J.P. [Ed.] Proceedings of the XI International Diatom Symposium, San Francisco. Memoirs of the California Academy of Science, San Francisco, CA, USA, No. 17: 155–73. Czarnecki, D. 1995. List of Strains, Loras College Freshwater Diatom Culture Collection (Desktop Publ.), 32 pp. Czarnecki, D.B. & Ross, M.J. 1988. The Itasca State Park Algal Culture Collection at Loras College. Journal of Minnesota Academy of Science 53: 27–32. Czurda, V. 1926. Die Reinkultur von Conjugaten. Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 53:213-42. Czurda, V. 1930. Experimentelle Untersuchungen über die Sexualitätsverhaltnisse der Zygnemalen. Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 47:15-68. Baca, B.J. & Cox, E.R. 1979. A developmental mutation in Enteromorpha lingulata J. Ag. (Chlorophyceae, Ulvales). Phycologia 18:369-77. Badour, S.S. & Kim, W.K. 1988. Detection of specific polypeptides in Chlamydomonas segnis adapted to atmospheric concentrations of CO2, using a zwitterionic detergent. Can. J. Bot. 66:1750-4. Baker, A.F. & Bold, H.C. 1970. Phycological Studies. X. Taxonomic studies in the Oscillatoriaceae. University of Texas Publication No. 7004, 105 pp. Bakker, F.T., Olsen, J.L. & Stam, W.T. (1995b). Evolution of nuclear rDNA ITS sequences in the Cladophora albida/sericea clade (Chlorophyta). J. Mol. Evol. 40:640-651. Bakker, F.T, Olsen, J.L., Stam, W.T. & Hoek, C. van den (1994). The Cladophora complex (Chlorophyta)—New views from 18s rDNA sequences. Mol. Phylogen. Evol. 3:365-382. Bakker, F.T., Stam, W.T & Olsen, J.L. (1995a). Global phylogeography in the cosmopolitan complex Cladophora vagabunda (Chlorophyta) based on nuclear rDNA ITS sequence. Eur. J. Phycol. 30:97-208. Bashan, Y., Lopez, B. R., Huss, V. A., Amavizca, E., & De-Bashan, L. E. (2016). Chlorella sorokiniana (formerly C. vulgaris) UTEX 2714, a non-thermotolerant microalga useful for biotechnological applications and as a reference strain. Journal of Applied Phycology, 28(1), 113-121. Bauman, R.W. & Jones, B.R. 1986. Electrophysiological investigations of the red alga Griffithsia pacifica Kyl. J. Phycol. 22:49-56. Beaney, W.D. & Hoffman, L.R. 1968. Two new species of Oedocladium. J. Phycol. 4:221-9. Becker, B., Becker, D. Kamerling, J.P. & Meldonian, M. 1991. 2-Keto-sugar acids in green flagellates: a chemical marker for prasinophycean scales. J. Phycol. 27:498-504. Behnke, A., Friedl, T. Chepurnov, V.A. & Mann, D.G. (2004). Reproductive compatibility and rDNA sequence analysis in the Sellaphora pupula species complex (Bacillariophyta). J. Phycol. 40: 13-208. Belmens, D. & Van Laere, A. 1988. Effect of ionophores on the ATP-pool and glycerol content in cells of the halotolerant green alga Dunaliella tertiolecta. J. Gen. Microbiol. 134:2261-8. Bennett, W.N. & Boraas, M.E. 1988. Isolation of a fast-growing strain of the rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus Pallus using turbidostat culture. Aquaculture 73:27-36. Berger, S. & Kaever, M.J. 1992. Dasycladales. An illustrated monograph of a fascinating algal order. Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart, Germany. Biebel, P. 1968. Reproduction in Helicodictyon planctonicum. J. Phycol. 4:55-8. Bisalputra, T. & Weier, T.E. 1963. The cell wall of Scenedesmus quadricauda. Am. J. Bot. 50:1011-9. Bischoff, H. & Bold, H.C. 1963. Phycological Studies. IV. Some soil algae from Enchanted Rock and related algal species. University of Texas Publication No. 6318, 95 pp. Bold, H.C. 1933. The life history and cytology of Protosiphon botryoides. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 60:241-99. Bold, H.C. 1949. The morphology of Chlamydomonas chlamydogama, sp. nov. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 76:101-8. Bold, H.C. 1958. Three new chlorophycean algae. Am. J. Bot. 45:737-43. Bold, H.C. & MacEntee, F.J. 1973. Phycological notes. II. Euglena myxocylindracea sp. nov. J. Phycol. 9:152-6. Bold, H.C. & MacEntee, F.J. 1974. Phycological notes. III. Two new saccate unicellular Chlorophyceae. J. Phycol.10:189-93. Bold, H.C., Slocum, R.D., King, J.M. & MacEntee, F.J. 1981. Palmellopsis murialis sp. nov. (Chlorophyceae, Tetrasporales, Palmellaceae). J. Phycol. 17:9-14. Bold, H.C. & Starr, R.C. 1953. A new member of the Phacotaceae. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 80:178-86. Bold, H.C. & Wynne, M.J. 1978. Introduction to the Algae. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 573 pp. Bot, P.V.M., Brussaard, C.P.D., Stam, W.T. & Hoek, C. van den (1991). Evolutionary relationships between four species of Cladophora (Cladophorales, Chlorophyta) based on DNA-DNA hybridization. J. Phycol. 27:617-627. Bot, P.V.M., Holton, R.W., Stam, W.T. & Hoek, C. van den (1989a). Molecular divergence between North Atlantic and Indo-Pacific Cladophora albida (Cladophorales, Chlorophyta) isolates as indicated by DNA-DNA hybridization. Mar.Biol. 102:307-313. Bot, P.V.M., Stam, W.T., Boele-Bos, S.A., Hoek, C. van den & Delden, W. van (1989b). Biogeographic and phylogenic studies in three North Atlantic species of Cladophora (Cladophorales, Chlorophyta) using DNA-DNA hybridization.Phycologia 28:159-168. Bot, P.V.M., Stam, W.T. & Hoek, C. van den (1990). Genotypic relationships between geographic isolates ofCladophora laetevirens and C. vagabunda. Bot. Mar. 33:441-446. Booton, G.C., Floyd, G.L. and Fuerst, P.A. 1998. Origins and affinities of the filamentous green algal orders Chaetophorales and Oedogoniales based on 18S rRNA gene sequences. J. Phycol. 34:312-318. Bourrelly, P. 1970. Les Algues d'Eau Douce III. N. Boubée & Cie, Paris, 512 pp. Boussiba, S., Sandbank, E., Shelef, G., Cohen, Z., Vonshak, A., Ben-Amotz, A., Arad, S. & Richmond, A. 1988. Outdoor cultivation of the marine microalga Isochrysis galbana in open reactors. Aquaculture 72:247-53. Braarud, T. & Fagerland, E. 1946. A coccolithophoride in laboratory culture, Syracosphaera carterae n. sp. Avh. Nor. Vidensk. Akad. Oslo Mat. Naturvidensk. Kl. 1, No. 2. Brand, J.J., Wright, J.N. & Lien, S. 1989. Hydrogen production by eukaryotic algae. Biotech. Bioeng. 33:1482-8. Breeman, A.M., Oh, Y.S., Hwang, M.S. & Hoek, C. van den (2002). Evolution of temperature responses in the Cladophora vagabunda complex and the C. albida/sericea complex (Chlorophyta). Eur. J. Phycol. 37:45-58. (as cf. C. dalmatica in Cladophora vagabunda complex) Brooks, A.E. & Nasatir, M. 1966. DNA of a seven-chromosome strain of Astrephomene gubernaculifera. J. Phycol.2:140-4. Brown, J.S. 1988. Photosynthetic pigment organization in diatoms (Bacillariophyceae). J. Phycol. 24:96-102. Brown, R.M. & Bold, H.C. 1964. Phycological Studies. V. Comparative studies of the algal genera Tetracystis andChlorococcum. University of Texas Publication No. 6417, 213 pp. Buchheim, M.A., Buchheim, J.A., Carlson, T. & Kugrens, P. 2002. Phylogeny of Lobocharacium (Chlorophyceae) and allies: A study of 18S and 26S rDNA data. J. Phycol. 38:376-83. Buchheim, M.A. & Hoffman, L.R. 1985. Sphaeroplea robusta n. sp., a new member of the Sphaeropleaceae (Chlorophyceae) from Texas. Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc. 104:178-87. Buchheim, M.A. & Hoffman, L.R. 1987. Structure and reproduction of Sphaeroplea fragilis sp. nov., a new member of the Sphaeropleaceae (Chlorophyceae) from California. Can. J. Bot. 65:2330-7. Buchheim, M., Lemieux, C., Otis, C., Gutell, R., Hapman, R. & Turmel, R.(1996) Phylogeny of the Chlamydomonadales (Chlorophyceae): A Comparison of Ribosomal RNA Gene Sequences from the Nucleus and the Chloroplast. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 5:391-402. Butcher, R.W. 1952. Contributions to our knowledge of the smaller marine algae. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 31:175-91. Butcher, R.W. 1959. An Introductory Account of the Smaller Algae of British Coastal Waters. Part I. Introduction and Chlorophyceae. Fishery Investigations, London, series 4, 74 pp. Adolph, K.W. & Heselkorn, R.H. 1971. Isolation and characterization of a virus infecting the blue-green algaNostoc muscorum. Virology 46:200-8. Ahmadjian, V. 1980. Separation and artificial synthesis of lichens. In Cook, Pappas & Rudolph [Eds.] Cellular Interactions in Symbiosis and Parasitism. Ohio University Press. Ahmadjian, V., Russell, L.A. & Hildreth, K.C. 1980. Artificial reestablishment of lichens. I. Morphological interactions between the phycobionts of different lichens and the mycobionts Cladonia cristatella and Lecanora chrysoleuca.Mycologia. Alhadeff, M., Lundell, D.J. & Glazer, A.N. 1988. Structural studies on cyanobacterial photosystem I. Purification and characterization of two low molecular weight polypeptides. Arch. Microbiol. 150:482-8. Allen, M.A. 1958. The Biology of a Species Complex in Spirogyra. Ph.D. Dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington. Allen, M.M. 1968. Simple conditions for growth of unicellular blue-green algae on plates. J. Phycol. 4:1-4. Allensworth, J.H. 1986. Cell-to-Cell Recognition in Astrephomene. M.A. Thesis. University of Texas at Austin, 58 pp. Allison, G. & Syrett, P.J. 1987. The metabolism of guanine by the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum. J. Phycol.23:666-8. Amann, M.J. & Eloff, J.N. 1980. Preliminary study of the toxins of different Microcystis strains. South Afr. J. Science76: 419-20. Anand, N. 1988. Culture studies and taxonomy of blue-green algae--certain identification problems. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 80:141-7. Anderson, D.J. & Nichols, H.W. 1968. Chlorophycean algae from limestone springs. Am. J. Bot. 55:205-13. Andersen, R. 1991. Provasoli-Guillard Center for Culture of Marine Phytoplankton. Catalogue of Strains. 98 pp. Angeler, D.G., M. Shagerl & A.W. Coleman. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships among isolates of Eudorina elegans(Volvocales, Chlorophyta) inferred from molecular and biochemical data. Journal of Phycology 35: 815-823. Antia, N.J., Bisalputra, T. Cheng, J.Y. & Kalley, J.P. 1975. Pigment and cytological evidence for reclassification ofNannochloris oculata and Monallanthus salina in the Eustigmatophyceae. J. Phycol. 11:339-43. Antia, N.J., Cheng, J.Y. & Taylor, F.J.R. 1969. The heterotrophic growth of a marine photosynthetic cryptomonad (Chroomonas salina). Proc. Int'l Seaweed Symp. 6:17-29. Arce, G. & Bold, H.C. 1958. Some Chlorophyceae from cuban soils. Am. J. Bot. 45:492-503. Archibald, P.A. 1970. Pseudochlorococcum, a new chlorococcalean genus. J. Phycol. 6:125-32. Archibald, P.A. 1973. The genus Neochloris Starr (Chlorophyceae, Chlorococcales). Phycologia 12:187-93. Archibald, P.A. 1975. Trebouxia de Puymaly and Pseudotrebouxia gen. nov. Phycologia 14:127-37. Archibald, P.A. 1979. Descriptions of new edaphic and aquatic species of Chlorococcum Meneghini (Chlorococcales).Br. Phycol. J. 14:305-12. Archibald, P.A. 1988. Chlorococcum pamirum and C. salinum, two new species of the Chlorophyceae from Central Asia. Br. phycol. J. 23:121-8. Archibald, P.A. & Bold, H.C. 1970a. Phycological Studies. XI. The genus Chlorococcum Meneghini. University of Texas Publication No. 7015, 115 pp. Archibald, P.A. & Bold, H.C. 1970b. The classification of three unicellular green algae. Phytomorphology 20:383-9. Arduin, S. & Palma, B. (2006). Fun Fungi. Chlorella/Prototheca species. p.4. In Michigan Department of Community Health Lablink, Vol. 11, no. 1, Michigan Department of Community Health, Lansing, MI. Arneson, R.D. 1973. Pseudotetracystis, a new chlorosarcinacean alga. J. Phycol. 9:10-4. Ashford, B.K., Ciferri, R. & Dalman, L.M. 1930. A new species of Prototheca and a variety of the same isolated from the human intestine. Arch. Protistenk. 70:619-38. ASTM 1994. Standard guide for conducting sexual reproduction tests with seaweeds. In 1994 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 11.04, PCN: 01-110494-48. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, pp. 1344-54.